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Records 1 to 169 of 169

1.  Villanueva-Cab, J.; Jang, S. R.; Halverson, A. F.; Zhu, K.; Frank, A. J. (2014). Trap-Free Transport in Ordered and Disordered TiO2 Nanostructures. Nano Letters. Vol. 14(5), 14 May 2014; pp. 2305-2309; NREL Report No. JA-5900-60140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl4046087

2.  Kang, S. H.; Neale, N. R.; Zhu, K.; Halverson, A. F.; Yan, Y.; Frank, A. J. (2013). Effect of a Metallic Ni Core on Charge Dynamics in CdS-Sensitized p-Type NiO Nanowire Mesh Photocathodes. RSC Advances. Vol. 3(32), 28 August 2013; pp. 13342-13347; NREL Report No. JA-5900-58208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3RA41216D

3.  Frank, A. J.; Zhu, K.; Wang, Q. (2013). Oriented Nanotube Electrodes for Lithium Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors. U.S. Patent No. 8,389,157 B2.

4.  Kim, J. H.; Zhu, K.; Kim, J. Y.; Frank, A. J. (2013). Tailoring Oriented TiO2 Nanotube Morphology for Improved Li Storage Kinetics. Electrochimica Acta. Vol. 88, 15 January 2013; pp. 123-128; NREL Report No. JA-5900-57549. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.10.013

5.  Halverson, A. F.; Zhu, K.; Erslev, P. T.; Kim, J. Y.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2012). Perturbation of the Electron Transport Mechanism by Proton Intercalation in Nanoporous TiO2 Films. Nano Letters. Vol. 12(4), 11 April 2012; pp. 2112-2116; NREL Report No. JA-5900-54285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl300399w

6.  Erslev, P. T.; Chen, H. Y.; Gao, J.; Beard, M. C.; Frank, A. J.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Johnson, J. C.; Luther, J. M. (2012). Sharp Exponential Band Tails in Highly Disordered Lead Sulfide Quantum Dot Arrays. Article No. 155313. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol. 86(15), 15 October 2012; 5 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5900-56636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.86.155313

7.  Feng, X.; Zhu, K.; Frank, A. J.; Grimes, C. A.; Mallouk, T. E. (2012). Rapid Charge Transport in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Made from Vertically Aligned Single-Crystal Rutile TiO2 Nanowires. Angewandte Chemie (International Edition). Vol. 51(11), 12 March 2012; pp. 2727-2730; NREL Report No. JA-5900-54984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201108076

8.  Zhu, K.; Wang, Q.; Kim, J. H.; Pesaran, A. A.; Frank, A. J. (2012). Pseudocapacitive Lithium-Ion Storage in Oriented Anatase TiO2 Nanotube Arrays. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol. 116(22), 7 June 2012; pp. 11895-11899; NREL Report No. JA-5900-55144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp301884x

9.  Zhu, K.; Jang, S. R.; Frank, A. J. (2012). Effects of Water Intrusion on the Charge-Carrier Dynamics, Performance, and Stability of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 5(11), November 2012; pp. 9492-9495; NREL Report No. JA-5900-55383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C2EE22178K

10.  Lee, S. W.; Ahn, K. S.; Zhu, K.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2012). Effects of TiCl4 Treatment of Nanoporous TiO2 Films on Morphology, Light Harvesting, and Charge-Carrier Dynamics in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol. 116(40), 11 October 2012; pp. 21285-21290; NREL Report No. JA-5900-56209. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp3079887

11.  Neale, N. R.; Lee, B. G.; Kang, S. H.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Near-Infrared Light Scattering in Disordered Inverse Opals. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol. 115(29), 28 July 2011; pp. 14341-14346; NREL Report No. JA-5900-51666. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp202407y

12.  Kim, J. H.; Kang, S. H.; Zhu, K.; Kim, J. Y.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Ni-NiO Core-Shell Inverse Opal Electrode for Supercapacitors. Chemical Communications. Vol. 47(18), 14 May 2011; pp. 5214-5216; NREL Report No. JA-5900-50930. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C0CC05191H

13.  Zhu, K.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Converting Light to Electrons in Oriented Nanotube Arrays used in Sensitized Solar Cells. MRS Bulletin. Vol. 36(6), 1 June 2011; pp. 446-452; NREL Report No. JA-5900-51039. http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2011.112

14.  Kang, S. H.; Zhu, K.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Hole Transport in Sensitized CdS-NiO Nanoparticle Photocathodes. Chemical Communications. Vol. 47(37), 7 October 2011; pp. 10419-10421; NREL Report No. JA-5900-52415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1cc13932k

15.  Jang, S. R.; Zhu, K.; Jo, M. J.; Kim, K.; Kim, C.; Park, N. G.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Voltage-Enhancement Mechanisms of an Organic Dye in High Open-Circuit Voltage Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. ACS Nano. Vol. 5(10), 25 October 2011; pp. 8267-8274; NREL Report No. JA-5900-52727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn2029567

16.  Kim, J. Y.; Noh, J. H.; Zhu, K.; Halverson, A. F.; Neale, N. R.; Park, S.; Hong, K. S.; Frank, A. J. (2011). General Strategy for Fabricating Transparent TiO2 Nanotube Arrays for Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrodes: Illumination Geometry and Transport Properties. ACS Nano. Vol. 5(4), 26 April 2011; pp. 2647-2656; NREL Report No. JA-5900-50785. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn200440u

17.  Zhu, K.; Jang, S. R.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Impact of High Charge-Collection Efficiencies and Dark Energy-Loss Processes on Transport, Recombination, and Photovoltaic Properties of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. Vol. 2(9), 5 May 2011; pp. 1070-1076; NREL Report No. JA-5200-51328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jz200290c

18.  Kim, J. H.; Zhu, K.; Yan, Y.; Perkins, C. L.; Frank, A. J. (2011). Corrections to Microstructure and Pseudocapacitive Properties of Electrodes Constructed of Oriented NiO-TiO2 Nanotube Arrays. Nano Letters. Vol. 11(11), 9 November 2011; pg. 5098; NREL Report No. JA-5900-53557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl2035139

19.  Zhu, K.; Neale, N. R.; Halverson, A. F.; Kim, J. Y.; Frank, A. J. (2010). Effects of Annealing Temperature on the Charge-Collection and Light-Harvesting Properties of TiO2 Nanotube-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol. 114(32), 2010; pp. 13433-13441; NREL Report No. JA-590-48693. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp102137x

20.  Sarkar, S. K.; Kim, J. Y.; Goldstein, D. N.; Neale, N. R.; Zhu, K.; Elliot, C. M.; Frank, A. J.; George, S. M. (2010). In2S3 Atomic Layer Deposition and Its Application as a Sensitizer on TiO2 Nanotube Arrays for Solar Energy Conversion. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol. 114(17), 2010; pp. 8032-8039; NREL Report No. JA-590-48501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9086943

21.  Kim, J. H.; Zhu, K.; Yan, Y.; Perkins, C. L.; Frank, A. J. (2010). Microstructure and Pseudocapacitive Properties of Electrodes Constructed of Oriented NiO-TiO2 Nanotube Arrays. Nano Letters. Vol. 10(10), 2010; pp. 4099-4104; NREL Report No. JA-590-49356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl102203s

22.  Frank, A. J. (2010). Recent Advances in Sensitized Solar Cells. Yam, V. W. W. (Ed.) WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics: Recent Advances and Applications. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag pp. 153-168; NREL Report No. CH-590-45083.

23.  Kim, J. Y.; Choi, S. B.; Noh, J. H.; HunYoon, S.; Lee, S.; Noh, T. H.; Frank, A. J.; Hong, K. S. (2009). Synthesis of CdSe -- TiO2 Nanocomposites and Their Applications to TiO2 Sensitized Solar Cells. Langmuir. Vol. 25(9), 2009; pp. 5348-5351; NREL Report No. JA-270-46144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la804310z

24.  Wang, Q.; Zhu, K.; Neale, N. R.; Frank. A. J. (2009). Constructing Ordered Sensitized Heterojunctions: Bottom-Up Electrochemical Synthesis of p-Type Semiconductors in Oriented n-TiO2 Nanotube Arrays. Nano Letters. Vol. 9(2), 2009; pp. 806-813; NREL Report No. JA-270-44459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl803513w


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25.  Frank, A. J. (2008). PV Conversion Technologies, Session: OPV, Sensitized, Seed (Presentation). 2008 Solar Annual Review Meeting. 14 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-270-43180.

26.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Zhu, K.; Benkstein, K. D.; Frank, A. J. (2008). Temporal Evolution of the Electron Diffusion Coefficient in Electrolyte-Filled Mesoporous Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films. Inorganica Chimica Acta. Vol. 361(3), February 2008; pp. 620-626; NREL Report No. JA-270-41148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2007.03.051

27.  Zhu, K.; Vinzant, T. B.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2007). Removing Structural Disorder from Oriented TiO2 Nanotube Arrays: Reducing the Dimensionality of Transport and Recombination in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Nano Letters. Vol. 7(12), 2007; pp. 3739-3746; NREL Report No. JA-270-42087. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl072145a

28.  Zhu, K.; Neale, N. R.; Miedaner, A.; Frank, A. J. (2007). Enhanced Charge-Collection Efficiencies and Light Scattering in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Oriented TiO2 Nanotubes Arrays. Nano Letters. Vol. 7(1), 2007; pp. 69-74; NREL Report No. JA-270-40576. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl062000o

29.  Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2007). Size and Shape Control of Nanocrystallites in Mesoporous TiO2 Films. Journal of Materials Chemistry. Vol. 17, 2007; pp. 3216-3221; NREL Report No. JA-270-41146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b700885f

30.  Yu, P.; Zhu, K.; Norman, A. G.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Nozik, A. J. (2006). Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells Sensitized with InAs Quantum Dots. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 110(50), 2006; pp. 25451-25454; NREL Report No. JA-270-41466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp064817b

31.  Kopidakis, N.; Benkstein, K. D.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J.; Yuan, Q.; Schiff, E. A. (2006). Temperature Dependence of the Electron Diffusion Coefficient in Electrolyte-Filled TiO2 Nanoparticle Films: Evidence Against Multiple Trapping in Exponential Conduction-Band Tails. Article No. 045326. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol. 73(4), 2006; 7 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-590-39639. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.73.045326

32.  Zhu, K.; Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2006). Influence of Surface Area on Charge Transport and Recombination in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 110(50), 2006; pp. 25174-25180; NREL Report No. JA-270-40544. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp065284+

33.  Frank, A. J.; Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R. (2006). Effect of an Adsorbent on Recombination and Band-Edge Movement in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells: Evidence for Surface Passivation. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 110, 2006; pp. 12485-12489; NREL Report No. JA-590-39501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0607364

34.  Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; Zhu, K.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2005). Spatial Location of Transport-Limiting Traps in TiO2 Nanoparticle Films in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Article No. 202106. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 87(20), 2005; 3 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-590-39640. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2130723


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35.  Frank, A. J.; Kopidakis, N.; Benkstein, K. D.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Neale, N. R. (2005). Dye- and Semiconductor-Sensitized Nanoparticle Solar Cell Research at NREL. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-37054.


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36.  Neale, N. R.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2005). Tailoring the Interface to Improve Voc in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-37056.


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37.  Frank, A. J.; Neale, N. R.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Gratzel, M. (2005). Effect of a Coadsorbent on the Performance of Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells: Shielding versus Band-Edge Movement. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-38978.

38.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2005). Effect of Nonideal Statistics on Electron Diffusion in Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2. Article No. 035304. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol. 71(3), 2005; 7 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-590-37871. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.71.035304

39.  Neale, N. R.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Gratzel, M.; Frank, A. J. (2005). Effect of a Coadsorbent on the Performance of Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells: Shielding versus Band-Edge Movement. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 109(49), 2005; pp. 23183-23189; NREL Report No. JA-270-40265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0538666


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40.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; Frank, A. J. (2005). Effect of Electron-Electron Interaction on Transport in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-37053.


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41.  Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2005). First Demonstration of Surface Passivation in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells by an Additive in the Electrolyte. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-37055.

42.  Kopidakis, N.; Benkstein, K. D.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2004). Diffusion-Limited Recombination in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells. Guyot-Sionnest, P., et al., eds. Quantum Dots, Nanoparticles and Nanowires: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 1-5 December 2003, Boston, Massachusetts. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 789. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 339-344; NREL Report No. CP-590-37296.

43.  Park, N. G.; Kang, M. G.; Kim, K. M.; Ryu, K. S.; Chang, S. H.; Kim, D. K.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Benkstein, K. D.; Frank, A. J. (2004). Morphological and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Core-Shell Nanoparticle Films for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Zn-O Type Shell on SnO2 and TiO2 Cores. Langmuir. Vol. 20(10), 2004; pp. 4246-4253; NREL Report No. JA-590-36464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la036122x

44.  Benkstein, K. C.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2004). Influence of the Network Geometry on Electron Transport in Nanoparticle Networks. Guyot-Sionnest, P., et al., eds. Quantum Dots, Nanoparticles and Nanowires: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 1-5 December 2003, Boston, Massachusetts. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 789. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 325-330; NREL Report No. CP-590-37297.

45.  Frank, A. J.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J. (2004). Electrons in Nanostructured TiO2 Solar Cells: Transport, Recombination and Photovoltaic Properties. Coordination Chemistry Reviews. Vol. 248, 2004; pp. 1165-1179; NREL Report No. JA-590-37437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2004.03.015

46.  Benkstein, K. D.; Kopidakis, N.; Neale, N. R.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2004). Influence of Film Geometry, Trapping, and Electron-Electron Interaction on Transport and Recombination in Sensitized Nanostructured Solar Cells. Meeting Abstracts: 2004 Joint International Meeting (CD-ROM): 206th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society (ECS) and 2004 Fall Meeting of The Electrochemical Society of Japan (ECSJ), 3-8 October 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii. MA 2004-02. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society (ECS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-590-40310.

47.  Kopidakis, N.; Benkstein, K. D.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2003). Transport-Limited Recombination of Photocarriers in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 107, 2003; pp. 11307-11315; NREL Report No. JA-590-33873. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0304475

48.  Nishimura, S.; Abrams, N.; Lewis, B. A.; Halaoui, L. I.; Mallouk, T. E.; Benkstein, K. D.; VandeLagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2003). Standing Wave Enhancement of Red Absorbance and Photocurrent in Dye-Sensitized Titanium Dioxide Photoelectrodes Coupled to Photonic Crystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 125, 2003; pp. 6306-6310; NREL Report No. JA-590-34455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja034650p


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49.  Frank, A. J.; Benkstein, K. D.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J. (2003). Does Network Geometry Influence the Electron Transport Dynamics in Mesoporous Nanoparticle Solar Cells?. NCPV and Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, 24-26 March 2003, Denver, Colorado (CD-ROM). NREL/CD-520-33586. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33616.

50.  Benkstein, K. D.; Kopidakis, N.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2003). Influence of the Percolation Network Geometry on Electron Transport in Dye-Sensitized Titanium Dioxide Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 107(31), 2003; pp. 7759-7767; NREL Report No. JA-590-34975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp022681l

51.  Zhu, K.; Schiff, E. A.; Park, N. G.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2002). Determining the Locus for Photocarrier Recombination in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 80(4), 28 January 2002; pp. 685-687; NREL Report No. JA-590-32046. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1436533

52.  Kim, K. J.; Benkstein, K.D.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2002). Characteristics of Low-Temperature Annealed TiO2 Films Deposited by Precipitation from Hydrolyzed TiCl4 Solutions. Chemistry of Materials. Vol. 14(3), 2002; pp. 1042-1047; NREL Report No. JA-590-32088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm0106421

53.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2001). Transient Photocurrent and Random Walk Modelling Studies of Electron Transport in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells. McConnell, R. D.; Kapur, V. K., eds. Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II: Proceedings of the International Symposium, March 2001, Washington, DC. Electrochemical Society Proceedings Vol. 2001-10. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society pp. 115-124; NREL Report No. CP-590-32926.

54.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Benkstein, K. D.; Frank, A. J. (2001). Relation Between Particle Coordination Number and Porosity in Nanoparticle Films: Implications to Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 105(50), 20 December 2001; pp. 12433-12436; NREL Report No. JA-590-31801. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp013369z

55.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2001). Nonthermalized Electron Transport in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films: Transient Photocurrent and Random-Walk Modeling Studies. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 105(45), 2001; pp. 11194-11205; NREL Report No. JA-590-31519. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0118468

56.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Park, N. G.; Frank, A. J. (2001). Electron Transport and Recombination in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells. McConnell, R. D.; Kapur, V. K., eds. Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II: Proceedings of the International Symposium, March 2001, Washington, DC. Electrochemical Society Proceedings Vol. 2001-10. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society pp. 146-152; NREL Report No. CP-590-32927.


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57.  Park, N. G.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Comparison of Dye-Sensitized Rutile- and Anatase-Based TiO2 Solar Cells. Program and Proceedings: NCPV Program Review Meeting 2000, 16-19 April 2000, Denver, Colorado. NREL/BK-520-28064. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 173-174; NREL Report No. CP-590-28188.

58.  Kopidakis, N.; Schiff, E. A.; Park, N. G.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Ambipolar Diffusion of Photocarriers in Electrolyte-Filled, Nanoporous TiO2. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 104, 2000; pp. 3930-3936; NREL Report No. JA-29057. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9936603

59.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Park, N. G.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Influence of Electrical Potential Distribution, Charge Transport, and Recombination on the Photopotential and Photocurrent Conversion Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells: A Study by Electrical Impedance and Optical Modulation Techniques. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 104, 2000; pp. 2044-2052; NREL Report No. JA-520-28682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp993172v

60.  Park, N. G.; Chang, S. H.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Kim, K. J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Effect of Cations on the Open-Circuit Photovoltage and the Charge-Injection Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline Rutile TiO2 Films. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society. Vol. 21(10), 2000; pp. 985-988; NREL Report No. JA-590-30037.

61.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Effect of the Surface-State Distribution on Electron Transport in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells: Nonlinear Electron-Transport Kinetics. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 104, 2000; pp. 4292-4294; NREL Report No. JA-520-28684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp000836o


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62.  van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Non-linear Electron Transport Kinetics in Nanocrystalline TiO(2) Based Solar Cells. Program and Proceedings: NCPV Program Review Meeting 2000, 16-19 April 2000, Denver, Colorado. NREL/BK-520-28064. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 177-178; NREL Report No. CP-590-28190.

63.  Park, N. G.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Frank, A. J. (2000). Comparison of Dye-Sensitized Rutile- and Anatase-Based TiO2 Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 104(38), 2000; pp. 8989-8994; NREL Report No. JA-590-29542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp994365l

64.  Ibrahim, M. A.; Lee, B. G.; Park, N. G.; Pugh, J. R.; Eberl, D. D.; Frank, A. J. (1999). Synthesis of New Oligothiophene Derivatives and Their Intercalation Compounds: Orientation Effects. Synthetic Metals. Vol. 105(1), 1999; pp. 35-42; NREL Report No. 27914. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-6779(99)00037-5

65.  Schlichthorl, G.; Park, N. G.; Frank, A. J. (1999). Evaluation of the Charge-Collection Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 103, 1999; pp. 782-791; NREL Report No. 26550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9831177

66.  Deb, S. K.; Ellingson, R.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Nozik, A. J.; Park, N.; Schlichthorl, G.; Zaban, A. (1999). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. Al-Jassim, M.; Thornton, J. P.; Gee, J. M. eds. NCPV Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the 15th Conference, September 1998, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings 462. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics (AIP) pp. 473-480; NREL Report No. CP-590-25518.

67.  Schlichthorl, G.; Park, N. G.; Frank, A. J. (1999). Estimation of the Charge-Collection Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells. Zeitschrift fur Physicalische Chemie. Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy, 9-14 August 1998, Berlin. Vol. 212(1), 19990000; pp. 45-50; NREL Report No. 27864.

68.  Gao, X.; Kocha, S.; Frank, A. J.; Turner, J. A. (1999). Photoelectrochemical Decomposition of Water Using Modified Monolithic Tandem Cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Vol. 24, 1999; pp. 319-325; NREL Report No. JA-590-24212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-3199(98)00052-4

69.  Park, N. G.; Schlichthorl, G.; van de Lagemaat, J.; Cheong, H. M.; Mascarenhas, A.; Frank, A. J. (1999). Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Solar Cells: Structural and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Nanocrystalline Electrodes Formed from the Hydrolysis of TiCl4. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 103, 1999; pp. 3308-3314; NREL Report No. 26569. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp984529i


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70.  Deb, S. K.; Ellingson, R.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Nozik, A. J.; Park, N.; Schlichthorl, G. (1998). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-Sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-25056.

71.  Deb, S. K.; Ellingson, R.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Nozik, A. J.; Park, N.; Schlichthorl, G. (1998). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-Sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. Schmid, J., et al., eds. 2nd World Conference on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion: Proceedings of the International Conference, 6-10 July 1998, Vienna, Austria. Italy: European Commission Vol. I: pp. 238-241; NREL Report No. 27321.

72.  Mao, D.; Ibrahim, M. A.; Frank, A. J. (1998). Plasticized Polymer-Electrolyte-Based Photoelectrochemical Solar Cell. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 145(1), January 1998; pp. 121-124; NREL Report No. 24270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1838223

73.  Schlichthorl, G.; Huang, S. Y.; Sprague, J.; Frank, A. J. (1997). Band Edge Movement and Recombination Kinetics in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells: A Study by Intensity Modulated Photovoltage Spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 101(41), 1997; pp. 8141-8155; NREL Report No. 24274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp9714126

74.  Huang, S. Y.; Schlichthorl, G.; Nozik, A. J.; Gratzel, M.; Frank, A. J. (1997). Charge Recombination in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry B. Vol. 101(14), 1997; pp. 2576-2582; NREL Report No. TP-452-21389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp962377q

75.  Schlichthorl, G.; Huang, S. Y.; Sprague, J.; Frank, A. J. (1997). Intensity-Modulated Photovoltage Spectroscopy: A New Tool to Study the Recombination Kinetics in Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Cells. Proceedings of the Twenty-First DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference, 7-11 June 1997, Copper Mountain, Colorado. NREL/CP-520-22968. p. 145; NREL Report No. 24357.

76.  Frank, A. J.; Schlichthorl, G. (1997). Interfacial Photochemical Processes: Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline Semiconductor Electrodes. Proceedings of the Twenty-First DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference, 7-11 June 1997, Copper Mountain, Colorado. NREL/CP-520-22968. pp. 12-14; NREL Report No. 24363.

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77.  Deb, S. K.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Huang, S.Y.; Nozik, A. J.; Schlichthorl, G.; Zaban, A. (1997). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-Sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. 4 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-450-22953.

78.  Wei, X.; Lane, P. A.; Liess, M.; Vardeny, Z. V.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1997). Triplet Excitations in Sexithiophene Films. Synthetic Metals. Vol. 84, 1997; pp. 565-566; NREL Report No. 24326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-6779(97)80861-2

79.  Kocha, S.; Gao, X.; Frank, A.; Turner, J. A. (1997). Photoelectrochemical Based Direct Conversion Systems for Hydrogen Production. Proceedings of the 1997 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review, 21-23 May 1997, Herndon, Virginia. NREL/CP-430-23722. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 117-125; NREL Report No. 25624.

80.  Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Gratzel, M.; Nozik, A. J.; Zaban, A.; Ferrere, S.; Schlichthorl, G.; Huang, S. Y. (1997). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-Sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. McConnell, R. D., ed. Future Generation Photovoltaic Technologies: Proceedings of the First NREL Conference, 22-26 March 1997, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 404. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics pp. 145-153; NREL Report No. 24469.

81.  Deb, S. K.; Ferrere, S.; Frank, A. J.; Gregg, B. A.; Huang, S. Y.; Nozik, A. J.; Schlichthorl, G.; Zaban, A. (1997). Photochemical Solar Cells Based on Dye-Sensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2. Conference Record of the Twenty Sixth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 29 September - 3 October 1987, Anaheim, California. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers pp. 507-510; NREL Report No. 23918.

82.  Palmans, R.; MacQueen, D. B.; Pierpont, C. G.; Frank, A. J. (1996). Synthesis and Characterization of Bis(2,2'-bipyridyl)Platinum(I): A Novel Microtubular Linear-Chain Complex. Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 118(50), 1996; pp. 12647-12653; NREL Report No. TP-452-20015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja962491m

83.  Kocha, S.; Peterson, M.; Arent, D.; Scott, H.; Frank, A.; Turner, J. A. (1996). Photoelectrochemical Based Direct Conversion Systems for Hydrogen Production. Proceedings of the 1996 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review, 1-2 May 1996, Miami, Florida. NREL/CP-430-21968. Vol. I: pp. 333-343; NREL Report No. 22545.

84.  Lane, P. A.; Wei, X.; Vardeny, Z. V.; Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1996). Spin Signature of Photoexcitations in Sexithiophene. Synthetic Metals. Vol. 76(1-3), January 1996; pp. 57-60; NREL Report No. 21423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(95)03419-K

85.  Lane, P. A.; Wei, X.; Vardeny, Z. V.; Poplawski, J.; Ehnrenfreund, E.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1996). Absorption Spectroscopy of Charged Excitations in ..alpha..-Sexithiophene: Evidence for Charge Conjugation Symmetry Breaking. Chemical Physics. Vol. 210(1,2), 1 October 1996; pp. 229-234; NREL Report No. 22323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(96)00075-4

86.  Lane, P. A.; Wei, X.; Vardeny, Z. V.; Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1996). Absorption Studies of Charged Excitations in a-Sexithiophene. ANTEC '96: Proceedings of Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers, 1996. Society of Plastics Engineers Vol. 2: pp. 1338-1342; NREL Report No. 25344.

87.  Willner, I.; Doron, A.; Katz, E.; Levi, S.; Frank, A. (1996). Reversible Associative and Dissociative Interactions of Glucose Oxidase with Nitrospiropyran Monolayers Assembled Onto Gold Electrodes: Amperometric Transduction of Recorded Optical Signals. Langmuir. Vol. 12(4), 1996; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society pp. 946-954; NREL Report No. TP-452-20031. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la9507038

88.  Kocha, S.; Arent, D.; Peterson, M.; MacQueen, B.; Frank, A.; Turner, J. A. (1995). Photoelectrochemical Based Direct Conversion Systems. Proceedings of the 1995 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review, 18-21 April 1995, Coral Gables, Florida. NREL/CP-430-20036. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vol. 2: pp. 575-591; NREL Report No. 20665.

89.  Mao, D.; Kim, K. J.; Frank, A. J. (1995). On the Sigmoidal Shape of Current-Voltage Curves of Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 142(6), June 1995; pp. 1869-1873; NREL Report No. TP-452-7181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2044207

90.  Mao, D.; Kim, K. J.; Tsuo, Y. S.; Frank, A. J. (1995). Improved Efficiency and Stability of Silicon Photocathodes by Electrochemical Etching. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 99(11), 1995; pp. 3643-3647; NREL Report No. TP-452-6616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100011a035

91.  Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Cornil, J.; Bredas, J. L.; Pugh, R.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1995). Photogeneration of Polarons in Sexithiophene Oligomers. Synthetic Metals. Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (ICSM '94), 24-29 July 1994, Seoul, Korea. Vol. 69(1-3), March 1, 1995; pp. 401-402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(94)02506-T

92.  Weaver, P. F.; Maness, P. C.; Martin, S.; Muralidharan, S.; Frank, A. J. (1995). Microbial Hydrogen Production. Proceedings of the 1995 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review, 18-21 April 1995, Coral Gables, Florida. NREL/CP-430-20036. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vol. 2: pp. 675-681; NREL Report No. 20670.

93.  Weaver, P.; Maness, P. C.; Frank, A.; Li, S.; Toon, S. (1994). Biological Water-Gas Shift Activity. Proceedings of the 1994 DOE/NREL Hydrogen Program Review, 18-21 April 1994, Livermore, California. NREL/CP-470-6431. pp. 403-406.

94.  Mao, D.; Kim, K. J.; Tsuo, Y. S.; Frank, A. J. (1994). Improved Efficiency and Stability of Si Photocathodes by Electrochemical Etching (Poster #29). Proceedings of the Eighteenth DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference, 5-9 June 1994, Tahoe City, California. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory pp. 121.

95.  Frank, A. J.; Mao, D. (1994). Interfacial Photochemistry. Proceedings of the Eighteenth DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference, 5-9 June 1994, Tahoe City, California. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory pp. 11-13.

96.  Mao, D.; Kim, K.; Frank, A. J. (1994). Open-Circuit Photovoltage and Charge Recombination at Semiconductor/Liquid Interfaces. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 141(5), May 1994; pp. 1231-1236; NREL Report No. TP-452-6064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2054901

97.  Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Pugh, R.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J.; Cornil, J.; Bredas, J. L. (1994). Photogeneration of Polarons in Sexithiophene Oligomers. (Abstract MON P35). International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals: Abstracts of Papers from ICSM '94, 24-29 July 1994, Seoul, Korea. p. 42.

98.  Weaver, P.; Maness, P. C.; Frank, A.; Li, S.; Toon, S. (1994). Photobiological H2 from H2O. Proceedings of the 1994 DOE/NREL Hydrogen Program Review, 18-21 April 1994, Livermore, California. NREL/CP-470-6431. pp. 397-402.

99.  Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Cornil, J.; Bredas, J. L.; Pugh, R.; Ibrahim, M.; Frank, A. J. (1994). Photoinduced Absorption Study of Sexithiophene; Evidence for Photogeneration of Polarons. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals. Vol. 256, 1994; pp. 407-413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10587259408039270

100.  Gratzel, M.; Munavalli, S.; Pern, F.-J.; Frank, A. J. (1993). Molecular Water Oxidation Catalyst. U.S. Patent No. 5,223,634. 18 pp..

101.  Weaver, P. F.; Frank, A. J. (1993). Reversibly Immobilized Biological Materials in Monolayer Films on Electrodes. U.S. Patent No. 5,208,154. 9 pp..

102.  Weaver, P.; Maness, P. C.; Frank, A.; Lange, M.; Blaho, J. (1993). Photobiological Hydrogen Production Using Whole-Cell or Cell-Free Systems. Proceedings of the 1993 DOE/NREL Hydrogen Program Review, 4-6 May 1993, Cocoa Beach, Florida. NREL/CP-470-5777. pp. 7-11.

103.  Willner, I.; Eichen, Y.; Frank, A. J.; Fox, M. A. (1993). Photoinduced Electron-Transfer Processes Using Organized Redox-Functionalized Bipyridinium-Polyethylenimine-TiO2 Colloids and Particulate Assemblies. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 97(28), 1993; pp. 7264-7271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100130a024

104.  Pugh, J. R.; Mao, D.; Zhang, J.-G.; Heben, M. J.; Nelson, A. J.; Frank, A. J. (1993). Metal:p-n-CdTe Schottky-Barrier Solar Cell: Photoelectrochemical Generation of a Shallow p-type Region in n-CdTe. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 74(4), 15 August 1993; pp. 2619-2625; NREL Report No. TP-452-5282. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.354652

105.  Palmans, R.; Frank, A. J.; Houlding, V. H.; Miskowski, V. M. (1993). Photophysics and Photosensitization Behavior of Microcrystalline {Pt(bpy)2}2{Pt2(pop)4}nH2O. Journal of Molecular Catalysis. Vol. 80(3), 930000; pp. 327-340; NREL Report No. TP-452-4810. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-5102(93)85006-F

106.  Albu-Yaron, A.; Frank, A.; Hodes, G.; Noufi, R. (1993). Cross-Sectional Transmission Electron Microscopy of Thin Film Polycrystalline Semiconductors by Conventional Microtomy. Thin Solid Films. Vol. 227(1), 5 May 1993; pp. 18-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(93)90181-N

107.  Pugh, J. R.; Zhang, J. G.; Mao, D.; Heben, M. J.; Nelson, A. J.; Frank, A. J. (1992). Properties of the Poly(3-Methylthiophene):n-CdTe Interface. (Abstract No. 467). Extended Abstracts from the 1992 Fall Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, 11-16 October 1992, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Vol. 92-2. Pennington, NJ: Electrochemical Society p. 691.

108.  Willner, I.; Eichen, Y.; Joselevich, E.; Frank, A. J. (1992). Characterization of Rose Bengal-N,N'-Dimethyl-4,4'-Bipyridinium Complexes and Their Separation in Aqueous SiO2 Colloids: Photophysical Properties of Rose Bengal in the Microheterogeneous System. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 96(14), July 9, 1992; pp. 6061-6066. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100193a075

109.  Palmans, R.; Frank, A. J. (1991). Molecular Water-Reduction Catalyst: Surface Derivatization of TiO2 Colloids and Suspensions with a Platinum Complex. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 95(23), 1991; The American Chemical Society pp. 9438-9443. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100176a075

110.  Frank, A. J.; Glenis, S. (1991). p-n Hetrojunction and Schottky Barrier Formation between Poly (3-Methylthiophene) and n-Type Cadmium Sulfide. Photochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry of Organic and Inorganic Molecular Thin Films; 23-24 January, 1991; Los Angeles, California. Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, Volume 1436. Bellingham, WA: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers pp. 50-57.

111.  Sun, Z. W.; Frank, A. J. (1991). Characterization of Intrachain Charge-Generation Mechanism of Electronically Conductive Poly (3-methylthiophene). Journal of Chemical Physics. Vol. 94(6), 15 March 1991; 9 pp..

112.  Poplawski, J.; Ehrenfreund, E.; Cromack, K.; Epstein, A. J.; Frank, A. J. (1991). Photoexcited Defects in Poly(3-Methylthiophene): Light Induced Electron Spin Resonance and PHotoinduced Absorption. Synthetic Metals. Vol. 41(3), 6 May 1991; pp. 1225-1229; NREL Report No. JA-233-42944. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(91)91593-Y

113.  Craig, C. A.; Garces, F. O.; Watts, R. J.; Palmans, R.; Frank, A. J. (1990). Luminescence Properties of Two New Pt(II)-2-Phenylpyridine Complexes; The Influence of Metal-Carbon Bonds. Coordination Chemistry Reviews. Vol. 97, 1990; pp. 193-208; NREL Report No. JA-233-10903. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-8545(90)80089-C

114.  Dick, H. A.; Goral, J.; Nelson, A. J.; Gratzel, M; Frank, A. J. (1990). MoS2-Catalyzed Methanation of CO with H2S. Journal of Catalysis. Vol. 126(2), December 1990; pp. 674-676. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(90)90030-N

115.  Pern, F. J.; Frank, A. J. (1990). Electrochemical and Optical Characterization of Poly (3-methylthiophene): Effects of Solvent, Anion, and Applied Potential. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 137(9), September 1990; pp. 2769-2777. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2087069

116.  Goren, Z.; Willner, I.; Nelson, A. J.; Frank, A. J. (1990). Selective Photoreduction of CO2/HCO3 to Formate by Aqueous Suspensions and Colloids of Pd-TiO2. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 94(9), May 3, 1990; pp. 3784-3790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100372a080

117.  Glenis, S.; Frank, A. J. (1989). Schottky Barrier Formation Between Poly(3-Methylthiophene) and n-Type Cadmium Sulfide. Synthetic Metals. Vol. 28(1&2), January 30, 1989; pp. C681-C686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(89)90590-0

118.  Tourillon, G.; Dartyge, E.; Palmans, R.; Frank, A. J. (1989). Dispersive X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Platinum Complexes. Physica. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 158(1-3), June 1989; pp. 208-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0921-4526(89)90256-1

119.  Honda, K.; Chiba, K.; Tsuchida, E.; Frank, A. J. (1989). Interfacial Crystallization and Electronic Properties of Platinum Double Salts. Journal of Materials Science. Vol. 24(11), November 1989; pp. 4004-4008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01168965

120.  Frank, A. J.; Glenis, S.; Nelson, A. J. (1989). Conductive Polymer-Semiconductor Junction: Characterization of Poly(3-methylthiophene):Cadmium Sulfide Based Photoelectrochemical and Photovoltaic Cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 93(9), May 4, 1989; pp. 3818-3825. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100346a088

121.  Nelson, A. J.; Glenis, S.; Frank, A. J. (1988). Influence of PF6 Dopant Concentration on the X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy Spectra of Poly 3-methylthiophene. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. Vol. 6(3), May/Jun 1988; pp. 954-959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.575038

122.  Weaver, P.; Frank, A.; Gauthier, R.; Lundgren, L.; Maness, P.; Lien, S. (1988). Biological Conversion of Gasified MSW into Methane. Anaerobic Digestion Program Annual Review Meeting at the Solar Energy Research Institute, 1-3 December 1987. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. 45-50; NREL Report No. 21132.

123.  Glenis, S.; Ginley, D. S.; Frank, A. J. (1987). Solid State and Electrochemical Properties of Polyselenophene. (Abstract No. 1405). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 87-2. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. p. 1922.

124.  Frank, A. J.; Willner, I.; Goren, Z.; Degani, Y. (1987). Improved Charge Separation and Photosensitized H2 Evolution from Water with TiO2 Particles on Colloidal SiO2 Carriers. Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 109(12), June 10, 1987; pp. 3568-3573. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00246a012

125.  Frank, A. J.; Graetzel, M. (1987). Solar Fuels Synthesis Based on Colloidal and Particulate Semiconductors. Annual Report, August 1, 1986 - July 31, 1987. 69 pp..

126.  Palmans, R.; Frank, A. J. (1987). Molecular Semiconductor Based on a Linear Chain Platinum Complex. Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society COLL 48.

127.  Frank, A. J.; Pern, F. J. (1987). Surface-Modified Semiconductor Electrodes. Proceedings of the Tenth DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference; Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario; June 8-12, 1986. SERI/CP-233-2959. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. 53-55.

128.  Nelson, A. J.; Glenis, S.; Frank, A. J. (1987). XPS and UPS Investigation of PF6 Doped and Undoped Poly 3-Methyl Thiophene. Journal of Chemical Physics. Vol. 87(8), 15 October 1987; pp. 5002-5006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.452815

129.  Frank, A. J.; Glenis, S. (1987). Junction Effects in Conductive Polymer-Modified CdS Electrodes. (Abstract No. 857). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 87-2. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. p. 1216.

130.  Frank, A. J. (1987). Semiconductor Electrode with Improved Photostability Characteristics. U.S. Patent No. 4,650,558. 12 pp..

131.  Glenis, S.; Ginley, D. S.; Frank, A. J. (1987). Solid-State and Electrochemical Properties of Polyselenophene. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 62(1), 1 July 1987; pp. 190-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.339180

132.  Frank, A. J.; Graetzel, M. (1986). Solar Fuel Synthesis Based on Colloidal and Particulate Semiconductors. Annual Report (3rd) August 1, 1985-July 31, 1986. 72 pp.; PB87-144333.

133.  Houlding, V. H.; Frank, A. J. (1986). Linear Chain Platinum Complexes as Photocatalysts. Pelizzetti, E.; Serpone, N., eds. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis; NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis. NATO ASI Series, Series C, Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Volume 174. Boston, MA: D. Reidel 199-211.

134.  Frank, A. J.; Gratzel, M. (1986). Hydrogen Generation from the Photolytic Decomposition of Water. Cramer, T. L. Proceedings of the 1986 International Gas Research Conference, 8-11 September 1986, Toronto, Canada. pp. 1084-1091.

135.  Pern, F. J.; Frank, A. J. (1985). Ion and Electron Transport Through Electronically Conductive Poly (3-methylthiophene) Polymer Coated Electrodes. Proceedings of the Ninth DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference; Lake Mohonk, New York; June 2-6, 1985. BNL-51890. Upton, NY: Brookhaven National Laboratory p. 145.

136.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1985). Polymer-Modified Electrodes, Catalysis and Water-Splitting Reactions. Journal of Photochemistry. Vol. 29(1/2), May 1985; pp. 195-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-2670(85)87071-4

137.  Houlding, V. H.; Frank, A. J. (1985). Cooperative Excited-State Behavior in Platinum (II) Magnus-Type Double-Salt Materials. Active and Inactive Photosensitizers for H2 Production in Aqueous Suspension. Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. 24(22), October 23, 1985; pp. 3664-3668. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic00216a038

138.  Frank, A. J. (1984). Organic Conductive Films for Semiconductor Electrodes. U.S. Patent No. 4,461,691. 10 pp..

139.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1984). Catalytically Modified Electrodes for the Photolysis of Water. (Abstract No. 636). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 84-2. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society p. 928.

140.  Frank, A. J.; Graetzel, M. (1984). Solar Fuel Synthesis Based on Colloidal and Particulate Semiconductors; Annual Report August 1, 1984-July 31, 1984. Chicago, IL: Gas Research Institute 59 pp..

141.  Honda, K.; Frank, A. J. (1984). Catalytic Oxidation of Water by Ruthenium Complexes Attached to Electrode Surfaces. (Abstract COLL #117). American Chemical Society, 187th ACS National Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, April 8-13, 1984: Abstracts of Papers. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society n.p..

142.  Honda, K.; Frank, A. J. (1984). Catalytic Oxidation of Water by an Oxo-Bridged Ruthenium Complex in Homogeneous Media and in Colloidal SiO2 Suspensions. Journal of the Chemical Society. Chemical Communications. (24), 15 December 1984; pp. 1635-1636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c39840001635

143.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1984). Chemical Anchoring of Organic Conducting Polymers to Semiconducting Surfaces. U.S. Patent No. 4,476,003. 10 pp..

144.  Honda, K.; Frank, A. J. (1984). Polymer-Catalyst-Modified Cadmium Sulfide Photochemical Diodes in the Photolysis of Water. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 88(23), November 8, 1984; pp. 5577-5582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j150667a024

145.  Frank, A. J. (1984). Surface-Modified Semiconductor Electrodes. Proceedings of the Eighth DOE Solar Photochemistry Research Conference; Lake Geneva, Wisconsin; June 11-14, 1984. ANL-84-95;CONF-8406218;. Argonne, IL: Argonne National Laboratory pp. 105-108.

146.  Honda, K.; Frank, A. J. (1984). Catalytic Oxidation of Water by Micro-Oxo-Ruthenium Complex on Colloidal Supports. (Abstract). King, E. L.; Busc, D. H.; Sievers, R. E., eds. Twenty-Third International Conference on Coordination Chemistry; Boulder, Colorado; July 29 - August 3, 1984: Abstracts of Papers. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado 1 p..

147.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1983). Oxygen and Hydrogen Generation from Water on Polymer-Protected CdS Photoanodes. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry. Vol. 150(1/2), July 25, 1983; pp. 673-678. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0728(83)80246-0

148.  Frank, A. J. (1983). Electrically Conductive Polymer Layers on Semiconductor Electrodes. Gratzel, M., ed. Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis. New York/London: Academic Press pp. 467-505.

149.  Honda, K.; Frank, A. J. (1983). Polypyrrole and Ruthenium Dioxide Modified CdS Photochemical Diodes in the Visible Light-Induced Water-Cleavage Reaction. (Abstract COLL #69). American Chemical Society, 185th ACS National Meeting, Seattle, Washington, March 20-25, 1983: Abstracts of Papers. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society n.p..

150.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1982). Polypyrrole-Coated Semiconductor Electrodes. (Abstract No. 616). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 82-1. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. p. 992.

151.  Frank, A. J.; Gratzel, M. (1982). Sensitized Photoreduction of Nitrate in Homogeneous and Micellar Solutions. Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. 21(10), October 1982; pp. 3834-3837. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic00140a047

152.  Gratzel, M.; Frank, A. J. (1982). Interfacial Electron-Transfer Reactions in Colloidal Semiconductor Dispersions: Kinetic Analysis. 19 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1551.

153.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1982). Photoelectrochemical Studies of Polypyrrole-Coated Small-Bandgap N-Type Semiconductors. American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, Papers Presented at Las Vegas, Nevada. ACS Polymer Chemistry Division; Preprint Volume 23, No. 1. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society p. 135.

154.  Frank, A. J.; Gratzel, M. (1982). Sensitized Photoreduction of Nitrate in Homogeneous and Micellar Solutions. 21 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1578.

155.  Frank, A. J.; Cooper, G.; Noufi, R. N.; Turner, J. A.; Nozik, A. J. (1982). Solar Energy Conversion: Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Studies of Organic Conducting Polymer-Coated Electrodes in Aqueous Electrolyte. Wallace, W. L. et al., eds. Photoelectrochemistry, Fundamental Processes and Measurement Techniques: Proceedings of the Symposia on Photoelectrochemical Processes and Measurement Techniques for Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells. Electrochemical Society Proceedings, Vol. 82-3. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. pp. 248-253.

156.  Frank, A. J.; Cooper, G.; Noufi, R.; Turner, J. A.; Nozik, A. J. (1982). Solar Energy Conversion: Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Studies of Organic Conducting Polymer-Coated Electrodes in Aqueous Electrolyte. 10 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1500.

157.  Gratzel, M.; Frank, A. J. (1982). Interfacial Electron-Transfer Reactions in Colloidal Semiconductor Dispersions. Kinetic Analysis. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 86(15), July 22, 1982; pp. 2964-2967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100212a031

158.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1982). Visible-Light-Induced Water Cleavage and Stabilization of n-Type CdS to Photocorrosion with Surface-Attached Polypyrrole-Catalyst Coating. 13 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1566.

159.  Cooper, G.; Noufi, R. N.; Frank, A. J.; Nozik, A. J. (1982). Oxygen Evolution on Tantalum-Polypyrrole-Platinum Anodes. Nature. Vol. 295(5850), February 1982; pp. 578-580. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/295578a0

160.  Frank, A. J.; Honda, K. (1982). Visible-Light-Induced Water Cleavage and Stabilization of n-Type CdS to Photocorrosion with Surface-Attached Polypyrrole-Catalyst Coating. Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 86(11), May 27, 1982; pp. 1933-1935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100208a005

161.  Frank, A. J. (1982). Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells: Stabilization of Small Band Gap Semiconductor in Aqueous Solution by Surface-Attached Organic Conducting Polymer. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals. Vol. 83(1-4), 1982; pp. 341-352/(1373-84). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00268948208072184

162.  Frank, A. J.; Stevenson, K. L. (1981). Platinum Hydrosols in the Sensitized Photoreduction of Water. 13 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-623-1074.

163.  Noufi, R.; Frank, A. J.; Nozik, A. J. (1981). Stabilization of n-Type Silicon Photoelectrodes to Surface Oxidation in Aqueous Electrolyte Solution and Mediation of Oxidation Reaction by Surface-Attached Organic Conducting Polymer. 12 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-623-1040.

164.  Cooper, G.; Noufi, R.; Frank, A. J.; Nozik, A. J. (1981). Oxygen Evolution on Tantalum Electrodes Stabilized by Conducting Polymer Films of Polypyrrole. 12 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1439.

165.  Frank, A. J.; Cooper, G.; Noufi, R. N.; Nozik, A. J.; Turner, J. A. (1981). Solar Energy Conversion: Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Studies of Organic Conducting Polymer-Coated Electrodes in Aqueous Solutions. (Abstract No. 560). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 81-2. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. pp. 1342-1343.

166.  Frank, A. J. (1981). Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells: Stabilization of Small Band Gap Semiconductor in Aqueous Solution by Surface-Attached Organic Conducting Polymer. 14 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-233-1388.

167.  Frank, A. J.; Stevenson, K. L. (1981). Platinum Hydrosols in the Sensitized Photoreduction of Water. Journal of the Chemical Society. Chemical Communications. (12), 1981; pp. 593-594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c39810000593

168.  Noufi, R. N.; Frank, A. J.; Nozik, A. J. (1981). Stabilization of n-Type Silicon Photoelectrodes to Surface Oxidation in Aqueous Electrolyte Solution and Mediation of Oxidation Reaction by Surface-Attached Organic Conducting Polymer. Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 103(7), April 8, 1981; pp. 1849-1850. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00397a050

169.  Connolly, J. S.; Smart, J. C.; Frank, A. J. (1979). Multiphoton Redox Photochemistry. Third Solar Photochemistry Research Conference, June 19-22, 1979, Pacific Grove, California; Proceedings. LBL-9732; Conf-790681. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory pp. 36-41.



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