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Records 1 to 122 of 122

1.  Wang, W.; Chen, X.; Donohoe, B. S.; Ciesielski, P. N.; Katahira, R.; Kuhn, E. M.; Kafle, K.; Lee, C. M.; Park, S.; Kim, S. H.; Tucker, M. P.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2014). Effect of Mechanical Disruption on the Effectiveness of Three Reactors used for Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover Part 1: Chemical and Physical Substrate Analysis. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 7, April 2014; 12 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-2700-62261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-7-57

2.  Katahira, R.; Mittal, A.; McKinney, K.; Ciesielski, P. N.; Donohoe, B. S.; Black, S. K.; Johnson, D. K.; Biddy, M. J.; Beckham, G. T. (2014). Evaluation of Clean Fractionation Pretreatment for the Production of Renewable Fuels and Chemicals from Corn Stover. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. Vol. 2(6), 2 June 2014; pp. 1364-1376; NREL Report No. JA-5100-61527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/sc5001258

3.  Wang, W.; Yang, S.; Hunsinger, G. B.; Pienkos, P. T.; Johnson, D. K. (2014). Connecting Lignin-Degradation Pathway with Pre-Treatment Inhibitor Sensitivity of Cupriavidus necator. Article 247. Frontiers in Microbiology. Vol. 5, 27 May 2014; 10 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-2700-62293. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00247

4.  Moens, L.; Johnson, D. K. (2013). Conversion of Biomass-Derived Furans into Hydrocarbon Fuels. Preprints of Papers -- American Chemical Society, Division of Energy and Fuels. Vol. 58(1), April 2013; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 35-36; NREL Report No. CP-5100-60851.

5.  Miller, D. C.; Carloni, J. D.; Johnson, D. K.; Pankow, J. W.; Gjersing, E. L.; To, B.; Packard, C. E.; Kennedy, C. E.; Kurtz, S. R. (2013). Investigation of the Changes in Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Specimens After Exposure to Ultra-Violet Light, Heat, and Humidity. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. Vol. 111, April 2013; pp. 165-180; NREL Report No. JA-5200-55648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2012.05.043

6.  Pilath, H. M.; Michener, W. E.; Katahira, R.; Mittal, A.; Clark, J. M.; Himmel, M. E.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K. (2013). Investigation of Xylose Reversion Reactions That Can Occur during Dilute Acid Pretreatment. Energy and Fuels. Vol. 27(12), 19 December 2013; pp. 7389-7397; NREL Report No. JA-5100-58936. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef400889u

7.  Moens, L.; Johnson, D. K. (2013). Conversion of Biomass-Derived Furans into Hydrocarbon Fuels. Abstract No. ENFL-373. American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 245th ACS National Meeting, 7-11 April 2013, New Orleans, Louisiana. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-5100-58858.

8.  Lee, C. M.; Mittal, A.; Barnette, A. L.; Kafle, K.; Park, Y. B.; Shin, H.; Johnson, D. K.; Park, S.; Kim, S. H. (2013). Cellulose Polymorphism Study with Sum-Frequency-Generation (SFG) Vibration Spectroscopy: Identification of Exocyclic CH2OH Conformation and Chain Orientation. Cellulose. Vol. 20(3), June 2013; pp. 991-1000; NREL Report No. JA-2700-60300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10570-013-9917-3

9.  Selig, M. J.; Thygesen, L. G.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E.; Felby, C.; Mittal, A. (2013). Hydration and Saccharification of Cellulose I...beta..., II and IIII at Increasing Dry Solids Loadings. Biotechnology Letters. Vol. 35(10), October 2013; pp. 1599-1607; NREL Report No. JA-2700-60769. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-013-1258-7

10.  Wang, W.; Chen, X.; Tucker, M.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2012). Effects of Dilute Acid Pretreatment on Cellulose DP and the Relationship Between DP Reduction and Cellulose Digestibility. Abstract No. BIOT-20. American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 243rd ACS National Meeting, 25-29 March 2012, San Diego, California. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-2700-54821.

11.  Moens, L.; Johnson, D. K. (2012). Conversion of Pentose-Derived Furans into Hydrocarbon Fuels. Abstract No. ENFL-503. American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 244th ACS National Meeting, 19-23 August 2012, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-5100-56375.

12.  Moens, L.; Johnson, D. K. (2012). Conversion of Pentose-Derived Furans into Hydrocarbon Fuels. Preprints of Papers -- American Chemical Society, Division of Energy and Fuels. Vol. 57(2), August 2012; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 612-613; NREL Report No. CP-5100-57202.

13.  Johnson, D. K.; Donohoe, B. S.; Katahira, R.; Tucker, M. P.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E. (2012). Redistribution of Lignin Caused by Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Biomass. Abstract No. BIOT-21. American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 243rd ACS National Meeting, 25-29 March 2012, San Diego, California. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-2700-54811.

14.  Himmel, M. E.; Decker, S. R.; Johnson, D. K. (2012). Challenges for Assessing the Performance of Biomass Degrading Biocatalysts. Himmel, M. E., ed. Biomass Conversion. Methods in Molecular Biology, Volume 908. New York, NY: Humana Press pp. 1-8; NREL Report No. CH-2700-52867. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61779-956-3_1

15.  Tao, L.; Chen, X.; Aden, A.; Kuhn, E.; Himmel, M. E.; Tucker, M.; Franden, M. A. A.; Zhang, M.; Johnson, D. K.; Dowe, N.; Elander, R. T. (2012). Improved Ethanol Yield and Reduced Minimum Ethanol Selling Price (MESP) by Modifying Low Severity Dilute Acid Pretreatment with Deacetylation and Mechanical Refining: 2) Techno-Economic Analysis. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 5, September 2012; 11 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5100-55704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-5-69

16.  Chen, X.; Shekiro, J.; Franden, M. A.; Wang, W.; Johnson, D. K.; Zhang, M.; Kuhn, E.; Tucker, M. P. (2011). Impacts of Deacetylation Prior to Dilute Acid Pretreatment on the Bioethanol Process. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 5(1), December 2011; 8 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5100-53651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-5-8

17.  Mittal, A.; Katahira, R.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2011). Effects of Alkaline or Liquid-Ammonia Treatment on Crystalline Cellulose: Changes in Crystalline Structure and Effects on Enzymatic Digestibility. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 4(10), October 2011; 16 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-2700-52952. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-4-41

18.  Wei, H.; Donohoe, B. S.; Vinzant, T. B.; Ciesielski, P. N.; Wang, W.; Gedvilas, L. M.; Zeng, Y.; Johnson, D. K.; Ding, S. Y.; Himmel, M. E.; Tucker, M. P. (2011). Elucidating the Role of Ferrous Ion Cocatalyst in Enhancing Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 4, 2011; 16 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-2700-52200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-4-48

19.  Liu, D.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E.; Qian, X. (2010). Free Energy Landscape for Glucose Condensation Reactions. Journal of Physical Chemistry A. Vol. 114(49), 2010; pp. 12936-12944; NREL Report No. JA-5100-50560. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp1078407

20.  Park, S.; Baker, J. O.; Himmel, M. E.; Parilla, P. A.; Johnson, D. K. (2010). Cellulose Crystallinity Index: Measurement Techniques and Their Impact on Interpreting Cellulase Performance. Biotechnology for Biofuels. Vol. 3, 2010; 10 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-270-46110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-3-10

21.  Qian, X.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E.; Nimlos, M. R. (2010). Role of Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Acidic Sugar Reaction Pathways. Carbohydrate Research. Vol. 345(13), 2010; pp. 1945-1951; NREL Report No. JA-510-49109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2010.07.008

22.  Pilath, H. M.; Nimlos, M. R.; Mittal, A.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2010). Glucose Reversion Reaction Kinetics. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 58(10), 2010; pp. 6131-6140; NREL Report No. JA-510-46869. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf903598w

23.  Pilath, H. M.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2009). Xylan Hydrolysis Kinetics. Poster 3-88. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 102; NREL Report No. AB-510-45784.

24.  Johnson, D. K.; Adney, W. S.; Brunecky, R.; Ding, S. Y.; Donohoe, B. S.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E. (2009). How Pretreatment Can Overcome the Natural Recalcitrance of Biomass to Cellulase Hydrolysis. Poster 12-16. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 160; NREL Report No. AB-270-45896.

25.  Ishizawa, C. I.; Jeoh, T.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K.; Davis, M. F. (2009). Can Delignification Decrease Cellulose Digestibility in Acid Pretreated Corn Stover?. Cellulose. Vol. 16(4), 2009; pp. 677-686; NREL Report No. JA-270-43824. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10570-009-9313-1

26.  Qian, X.; Dong, H.; Nimlos, M. R.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2009). Effect of Water on Sugar Reactions from ab initio Calculations. Poster 3-104. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 106; NREL Report No. AB-510-46237.

27.  Park, S.; Katahira, R.; Black, S.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2009). Changes in Cellulose Molecular Weight During Biomass Pretreatment. Poster 12-14. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 160; NREL Report No. AB-510-46239.

28.  Pilath, H. M.; Himmel, M. E.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K. (2009). Kinetic Modeling of Glucose Reversion Reactions. Poster 3-87. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 102; NREL Report No. AB-510-45783.

29.  Brunecky, R.; Vinzant, T. B.; Porter, S. E.; Donohoe, B. S.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2009). Redistribution of Xylan in Maize Cell Walls During Dilute Acid Pretreatment. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Vol. 102(6), 15 April 2009; pp. 1537-1543; NREL Report No. JA-270-43689. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.22211

30.  Mittal, A.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2009). Xylan Hydrolysis During Hot-Water Pretreatment of Corn Stover. Poater 3-78. 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 3-6 May 2009, San Francisco, California. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 101; NREL Report No. AB-270-44908.

31.  Park, S.; Johnson, D. K.; Ishizawa, C. I.; Parilla, P. A.; Davis, M. F. (2009). Measuring the Crystallinity Index of Cellulose by Solid State 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Cellulose. Vol. 16(4), 2009; pp. 641-647; NREL Report No. JA-270-44603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10570-009-9321-1

32.  Park, S.; Katahira, R.; Black, S.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2008). Preparation and Characterization of Modified Cellulose Substrates for Cellulase Digestion Studies. Poster 3-56. p. 94; NREL Report No. AB-270-42584.

33.  Johnson, D. K.; Brunecky, R.; Mittal, A.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E. (2008). Use of Immunolabeling to Study Changes in the Distribution of Xylan in the Plant Cell Wall to Better Understand the Process of Xylan Hydrolysis during Dilute Acid Pretreatment. Abstract No. 573i. 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-5100-51216.

34.  Johnson, D. K.; Elander, R. T. (2008). Chapter 14: Prepreatments for Enhanced Digestibility of Feedstocks. Himmel, M. E., ed. Biomass Recalcitrance: Deconstructing the Plant Cell Wall for Bioenergy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing pp. 436-453; NREL Report No. CH-270-44219.

35.  Johnson, D. K.; Elander, R. (2008). Understanding Pretreatment Processes. (Abstract 178-FUEL). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 23th ACS National Meeting, 6-10 April 2008, New Orleans, Louisiana. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-270-42449.

36.  Donohoe, B. S.; Vinzant, T. B.; Decker, S. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2008). Electron Tomography and SEM Analysis of Lignin Coalescence in Biomass Cell Walls Following Thermochemical Pretreatment. Microscopy and Microanalysis. Vol. 14(Supplement 2), August 2008; pp. 1490-1491; NREL Report No. AB-270-42963. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1431927608086157

37.  Nimlos, M. R.; Pilath, H. M.; Johnson, D. K.; Qian, X. H.; Dong, H. T.; Himmel, M. E. (2008). Kinetics of Xylose Reversion Reactions During Acid Pretreatment. Abstract No. FUEL-179. American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 235th ACS National Meeting, 6-8 April 2008, New Orleans, LA. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-510-49029.

38.  Himmel, M. E.; Ding, S. Y.; Johnson, D. K.; Adney, W. S.; Nimlos, M. R.; Brady, J. W.; Foust, T. D. (2007). Biomass Recalcitrance: Engineering Plants and Enzymes for Biofuels Production. Science. Vol. 315, 9 February 2007; pp. 804-807; NREL Report No. JA-270-40965. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1137016

39.  Vigneault, A.; Johnson, D. K.; Chornet, E. (2007). Base-Catalyzed Depolymerization of Lignin: Separation of Monomers. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 85(6), December 2007; pp. 906-916; NREL Report No. JA-270-40750.

40.  Jeoh, T.; Ishizawa, C. I.; Davis, M. F.; Himmel, M. E.; Adney, W. S.; Johnson, D. K. (2007). Cellulase Digestibility of Pretreated Biomass is Limited by Cellulose Accessibility. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Vol. 98(1), September 1, 2007; pp. 112-122; NREL Report No. JA-270-40950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.21408

41.  Porter, S. E.; Ding, S. Y.; Donohoe, B. S.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2007). Is There A Structural Basis For Xylan Biphasic Kinetics During Dilute Acid Pretreatment?. 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-270-40966.

42.  Ding, S. H.; Selig, M.; Jeoh, T.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2007). Characterization of the Cell-Wall Microfibril Structure from Native and Pretreated Biomass Using Atomic Force Microscopy. Poster 1A-22. 29th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts, 29 April - 2 May 2007, Denver, CO. Fairfax, VA: Society for Industrial Microbiology p. 78; NREL Report No. AB-270-41000.

43.  Ishizawa, C. I.; Davis, M. F.; Schell, D. F.; Johnson, D. K. (2007). Porosity and Its Effect on the Digestibility of Dilute Sulfuric Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 55(7), 2007; pp. 2575-2581; NREL Report No. JA-510-39716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf062131a

44.  Nimlos, M. R.; Qian, X.; Davis, M.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2006). Energetics of Xylose Decomposition as Determined Using Quantum Mechanics Modeling. Journal of Physical Chemistry A. Vol. 110(42), 26 October 2006; pp. 11824-11838; NREL Report No. JA-510-39611. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0626770

45.  Nimlos, M. R.; Blanksby, S. J.; Qian, X.; Himmel, M. E.; Johnson, D. K. (2006). Mechanisms of Glycerol Dehydration. Journal of Physical Chemistry A. Vol. 110(18), 2006; pp. 6145-6156; NREL Report No. JA-510-39495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp060597q

46.  Vigneault, A.; Johnson, D. K.; Chornet, E. (2006). Advance in the Thermal Depolymerisation of Lignin via Base-Catalysis. Bridgwater, A. V.; Boocock, D. G. B., eds. Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion. Based on papers delivered to the Sixth International Conference on Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion in Victoria BC Canada in August 2004. Speen, England: CPL Press Vol. 2: pp. 1401-1419; NREL Report No. CP-270-44206.

47.  Ishizawa, C.; Davis, M. F.; Johnson, D. K. (2005). Measurement of Porosity in Dilute Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. (Abstract FUEL-123). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 230th ACS National Meeting, 28 August - 1 September 2005, Washington, DC. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-510-41194.

48.  Johnson, D. K.; Ishizawa, C.; Templeton, D.; Thomas, S. (2005). Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover Anatomical Fractions. 27th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts (NREL/BK-510-36826), 1-4 May 2005, Denver, Colorado. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory p. 97; NREL Report No. AB-510-37218.

49.  Nimlos, M. R.; Qian, X.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Electronic Structure Calculations of the Decomposition of Xylose during Acid Pretreatment of Biomass. (Abstract FUEL-74). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 229th ACS National Meeting, 13-17 March 2005, San Diego, California. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-510-39353.

50.  Qian, X.; Ding, S.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Theoretical Investigation of Cellulose 1b Hydrogen Bonding Network: A Comparison with Experimental Results. (Abstract CARB-105). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 229th ACS National Meeting, 13-17 March 2005, San Diego, California. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-510-37228.

51.  Qian, X.; Ding, S. H.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Atomic and Electronic Structures of Molecular Crystalline Cellulose I..beta..: A First-Principles Investigation. Macromolecules. Vol. 38(25), 2005; pp. 10580-10589; NREL Report No. JA-510-39652. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma051683b

52.  Qian, X.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Acidic Sugar Degradation Pathways: An Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study. Davison, B. H. et al., eds. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, 9-12 May 2004, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Vol. 121-124, 2005; pp. 989-998; NREL Report No. JA-510-38275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/ABAB:124:1-3:0989

53.  Qian, X.; Nimlos, M. R.; Davis, M.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations of ..beta..-D-Glucose and ..beta..-D-Xylose Degradation Mechanisms in Acidic Aqueous Solution. Carbohydrate Research. Vol. 340, 2005; pp. 2319-2327; NREL Report No. JA-510-37226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2005.07.021

54.  Ishizawa, C.; Davis, M.; Johnson, D. K. (2005). Measurement of Porosity in Dilute Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. Preprints of Papers -- American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry. Vol. 50(2), 2005; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 675-676; NREL Report No. JA-510-39375.

55.  Qian, X.; Nimlos, M. R.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). First-Principles Investigation of Sugar Degradation -- The Effect of Solvent and Reaction Condition. 27th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts (NREL/BK-510-36826), 1-4 May 2005, Denver, Colorado. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory p. 112; NREL Report No. AB-510-37224.

56.  Ishizawa, C.; Davis, M.; Johnson, D. K. (2005). Porosity Measurements on Dilute Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. 27th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts (NREL/BK-510-36826), 1-4 May 2005, Denver, Colorado. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory p. 97; NREL Report No. AB-510-37221.

57.  Jeoh, T.; Johnson, D. K.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E. (2005). Cellulase Accessibility of Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. (Abstract FUEL-122). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 230th ACS National Meeting, 28 August - 1 September 2005, Washington, DC. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) 1 pg.; NREL Report No. AB-510-41195.

58.  Jeoh, T.; Johnson, D. K.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. S. (2005). Measuring Cellulase Accessibility of Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover. Preprints of Papers -- American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry. Vol. 50(2), 2005; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 673-674; NREL Report No. JA-510-39376.

59.  Nimlos, M.; Qian, X.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2004). Molecular Modeling of Sugar Decomposition During Biomass Pretreatment. (Abstract FUEL-177). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 228th ACS National Meeting, 22-26 August 2004, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-510-38472.

60.  Nimlos, M. R.; Qian, X.; Johnson, D. K.; Himmel, M. E. (2004). Quantum Mechanical Modeling of the Decomposition of Sugars During Acid Hydrolysis of Biomass. Preprints of Papers -- American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry. Vol. 49(2), 2004; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 866-867; NREL Report No. CP-510-36367.


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61.  Johnson, D. K. (2003). Effects of Dilute Acid Hydrolyzate Components on Glucose Degradation. 1 p.; NREL Report No. PO-510-34542.

62.  Johnson, D. K. (2003). Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Uronic Acids in Biomass. 25th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts (NREL/BK-510-33708). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory p. 164; NREL Report No. AB-510-34540.

63.  Johnson, D. K. (2003). Effects of Dilute Acid Hydrolyzate Components on Glucose Degradation. 25th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts (NREL/BK-510-33708). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory p. 164; NREL Report No. AB-510-34543.


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64.  Johnson, D. K. (2003). Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Uronic Acids in Biomass. 1 p.; NREL Report No. PO-510-34541.

65.  Johnson, D. K.; Chornet, E.; Zmierczak, W.; Shabtai, J. (2002). Conversion of Lignin into a Hydrocarbon Product for Blending with Gasoline. American Chemical Society (ACS) Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints. Vol. 47(1), 2002; Washington, DC: American Chemical Society (ACS) pp. 380-381; NREL Report No. CP-510-32627.

66.  Johnson, D. K.; Black, S. K.; Myers, M. D. (2001). Fractionation of Hybrid Poplar Using a Novel Organosolv Process. (Abstract 16-CELL). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers of the 221st ACS National Meeting, 1-5 April 2001, San Diego, California. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society 1 p.; NREL Report No. AB-510-35844.

67.  Shabtai, J.; Zmierczak, W.; Kadangode, S.; Chornet, E.; Johnson, D. K. (1999). Lignin Conversion to High-Octane Fuel Additives. Overend, R. P.; Chornet, E., eds. Biomass: A Growth Opportunity in Green Energy and Value-Added Products; Proceedings of the Fourth Biomass Conference of the Americas, 29 August - 2 September 1999, Oakland, California. United Kingdom: Elsevier Science, Ltd. Vol. 1: pp. 811-818; NREL Report No. 27285.

68.  Kelley, S. S.; Wang, X. M.; Myers, M. D.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1997). Biomass Oil-Modified Phenol Formaldehyde Resins. Proceedings of the 1997 International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry (ISWPC), 9-12 June 1997, Montreal, Canada. Volume 2: Poster Presentations. Montreal: Canadian Pulp and Paper Association pp. 47-1/47-4; NREL Report No. 24436.

69.  Johnson, D. K.; Davis, M.; Hames, B.; Chornet, E.; Shabtai, J. S.; Zmierczak, W. (1997). Chemical Characterization of Depolymerization Products from Lignin. Overend, R. P.; Chornet, E., eds. Making a Business from Biomass in Energy, Environment, Chemicals, Fibers and Materials. Proceedings of the 3rd Biomass Conference of the Americas, 24-29 August 1997, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Vol. 2: pp. 971-977; NREL Report No. 23123.

70.  Bozell, J. J.; Black, S. K.; Cahill, D.; Johnson, D. K. (1997). Clean Fractionation of Lignocellulosics-Purification and Characterization of the Hemicellulose Component. Proceedings of the 1997 9th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry (ISWPC), 9-12 June 1997, Montreal, Canada. Part 2 (of 2): Poster Presentations. Montreal: Canadian Pulp and Paper Association pp. 11-1/11-4; NREL Report No. 24504.

71.  Kelley, S. S.; Wang, X. M.; Myers, M. D.; Johnson, D. K.; Scahill, J. W. (1997). Use of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils for Preparation of Modified Phenol Formaldehyde Resins. Bridgwater, A. V.; Boocock, D. G. B., eds. Developments in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. London: Blackie Academic & Professional Vol. I: pp. 557-572; NREL Report No. 21515.

72.  Filardo, G; Galia, A.; Johnson, D. K.; Agblevor, F. A.; Eddy, F. P. (1997). Characterization of Wood and Bark Extractives from Three Eucalyptus Species. Overend, R. P.; Chornet, E., eds. Making a Business from Biomass in Energy, Environment, Chemicals, Fibers and Materials (Addendum). Proceedings of the 3rd Biomass Conference of the Americas, 24-29 August 1997, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Oxford, UK: Pergamon 10 pp.; NREL Report No. 24335.

73.  Wiselogel, A. E.; Agblevor, F. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Deutch, S.; Fennell, J. A.; Sanderson, M. A. (1996). Compositional Changes During Storage of Large Round Switchgrass Bales. Bioresource Technology. Vol. 56, 1996; pp. 103-109; NREL Report No. TP-431-7435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0960-8524(95)00171-9

74.  Sanderson, M. A.; Agblevor, F.; Collins, M.; Johnson, D. K. (1996). Compositional Analysis of Biomass Feedstocks by Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Biomass and Bioenergy. Vol. 11(5), 1996; pp. 365-370; NREL Report No. 23051. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(96)00039-6

75.  Johnson, D. K.; Ashley, P. A.; Deutch, S. P.; Davis, M.; Fennell, J. A.; Wiselogel, A. (1995). Compositional Variability in Herbaceous Energy Crops. Proceedings of the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas, 21-24 August 1995, Portland, Oregon. NREL/CP-200-8098. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 267-277; NREL Report No. TP-431-8133.

76.  Agblevor, F. A.; Milne, T. A.; Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K. (1995). Preparation and Characterization of IEA-NIST Standard Biomass Reference Materials. (Abstract - Poster 36). Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts of the Symposium, 7-11 May 1995, Vail, Colorado. NREL/SP-420-7849. 1 p.; NREL Report No. TP-433-7447.

77.  Davis, M. F.; Johnson, D. K.; Deutch, S.; Agblevor, F.; Fennell, J.; Ashley, P. (1995). Variability in the Composition of Short Rotation Woody Feedstocks. Proceedings of the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas, 21-24 August 1995, Portland, Oregon. NREL/CP-200-8098. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 216-225; NREL Report No. TP-431-7983.

78.  Johnson, D. K.; Agblevor, F. A.; Ashley, P. A.; Deutch, S. D.; Davis, M.; Fennell, J. A.; Wiselogel, A. (1995). Effect of Storage on Corn Stover as a Feedstock for Biofuels Production. (Abstract - Poster 45). Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Program and Abstracts of the Symposium, 7-11 May 1995, Vail, Colorado. NREL/SP-420-7849. 1 p.; NREL Report No. TP-430-7445.

79.  Wiselogel, A. E.; Agblevor, F. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Deutch, S.; Fennell, J. A.; Sanderson, M. A. (1994). Compositional Changes During Storage of Large Round Switchgrass Bales. Dale, B. E., ed. Liquid Fuels, Lubricants and Additives from Biomass: Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, 16-17 June 1994, Kansas City, Missouri. St. Joseph, MI: American Society of Agricultural Engineers pp. 29-38; NREL Report No. TP-421-6543.

80.  Czernik, S.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S. (1994). Stability of Wood Fast Pyrolysis Oil. Biomass and Bioenergy. Fast Pyrolysis: Processes, Technologies and Products. Papers from a Symposium of the Cellulose, Paper and Textiles Division of the American Chemical Society at the 205th National Meeting and Exposition Program, 28 March - 2 April 1993, Denver, Colorado. Vol. 7(1-6), 940000; pp. 187-192; NREL Report No. TP-431-5593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0961-9534(94)00058-2

81.  Besler, S.; Agblevor, F. A.; Davis, M. F.; Eddy, F. P.; Johnson, D. K.; Wiselogel, A. E. (1994). Fluidized Bed Pyrolysis of Terrestrial Biomass Feedstocks. Farrell, J., et al., eds. BIOENERGY '94: Proceedings of the 6th National Bioenergy Conference, 2-6 October 1994, Reno-Sparks, Nevada. Vol. 1: pp. 43-50; NREL Report No. TP-431-6753.

82.  Davis, M. F.; Agblevor, F. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Fennell, J. A.; Deutch, S. P.; Ashley, P. J.; Wiselogel, A. E. (1994). Effect of Storage on the Chemical Composition and Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass. Farrell, J., et al., eds. BIOENERGY '94: Proceedings of the 6th National Bioenergy Conference, 2-6 October 1994, Reno-Sparks, Nevada. Vol. 1: pp. 301-308; NREL Report No. TP-431-6752.

83.  Johnson, D. K.; Adam, P.; Ashley, P.; Chum, H.; Deutch, S.; Fennell, J.; Wiselogel, A. (1994). Study of Compositional Changes in Biomass Feedstocks Upon Storage (Results). Jirjis, R., ed. Storage and Drying of Woody Biomass: Proceedings of the International Energy Agency/Bioenergy Agreement Task IX Activity 5 Workshop, 19 May 1993, New Brunswick, Canada. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products, Report No. 241. pp. 28-52.

84.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Agblevor, F. A.; Evans, R. J.; Hames, B. R.; Milne, T. A.; Overend, R. P. (1994). Status of the IEA Voluntary Standards Activity - Round Robins on Whole Wood and Lignins. Bridgwater, A. V., ed. Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. Papers from the International Conference on Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, 11-15 May 1992, Interlaken, Switzerland. Glasgow, UK: Blackie Academic & Professional Vol. 2, pp. 1701-1716.

85.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1993). Results from the IEA Sponsored Round Robin on Lignin Analysis. (Abstract 158-CELL). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers: 205th ACS National Meeting, 28 March - 2 April 1993, Denver, Colorado. 1 p..

86.  Chum, H. L.; Milne, T. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Agblevor, F. A. (1993). Feedstock Characterization and Recommended Procedures. Proceedings of the First Biomass Conference of the Americas, 30 August - 2 September 1993, Burlington, Vermont. Vol. III, pp. 1685-1703; NREL Report No. TP-430-5689.

87.  Hames, B. R.; Myers, M.; Agblevor, F. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1993). Rapid Determination of Lignin and Carbohydrate Contents in Biomass Using FTIR and Partial Least Squares. (Abstract 97-CELL). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers: 205th ACS National Meeting, 28 March - 2 April 1993, Denver, Colorado. 1 p..

88.  Czernik, S.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Bozell, J. J. (1993). Stability of Wood Pyrolysis Oils. (Abstract 40-CELL). American Chemical Society. Abstracts of Papers: 205th ACS National Meeting, 28 March -2 April 1993, Denver, Colorado. 1 p.; NREL Report No. TP-431-5292.

89.  Agblevor, F. A.; Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K. (1993). Compositional Analysis of NIST Biomass Standards from the IEA Whole Feedstock Round Robin. Klass, D. L., ed. Energy from Biomass and Wastes XVI: Proceedings of the Institute of Gas Technology Conference, 2-6 March 1992, Orlando, Florida. Chicago, IL: Institute of Gas Technology pp. 395-421; NREL Report No. TP-431-4761.

90.  Schell, D. J.; Walker, P. J.; Johnson, D. K. (1992). Dilute Sulfuric Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover at High Solids Concentration. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. The Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, New Jersey pp. 659-665.

91.  Milne, T. A.; Chum, H. L.; Agblevor, F. A.; Johnson, D. K. (1992). Standardized Analytical Methods. Biomass & Bioenergy. Proceedings of International Energy Agency Bioenergy Agreement Seminar, 2-3 April 1992, Edinburgh, U.K.. Vol. 2(1-6), 1992; pp. 341-366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0961-9534(92)90109-4

92.  Hames, B.; Black, S. K.; Agblevor, F.; Evans, R.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1991). Measurement of the Functional Group Contents of Lignins Using FTIR and Partial Least Squares Regression. Appita 1991: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium of Wood and Pulping Chemistry (ISWPC), 29 April - 4 May 1991, Melbourne, Australia. Melbourne, Australia: APPITA Vol. 1: pp. 535-542; NREL Report No. TP-234-4178.

93.  Chum, H. L.; Diebold, J. P.; Black, S. K.; Scahill, J. W.; Johnson, D. K.; Evans, R. J. (1991). Inexpensive Phenol Replacements from Biomass. Klass, D. L., ed. Energy from Biomass and Wastes XV: Proceedings of the Institute of Gas Technology Conference, 25-29 March 1991, Washington, DC. Chicago, IL: Institute of Gas Technology pp. 531-539.

94.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S. K.; Overend, R. P. (1990). Pretreatment-Catalyst Effects and the Combined Severity Parameter. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Proceedings of the Eleventh Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, 8-12 May 1989, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Vol. 24/25, Spring-Summer 1990; pp. 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02920229

95.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L.; Anzick, R.; Baldwin, R. M. (1990). Preparation of a Lignin-Derived Pasting Oil. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Proceedings of the Eleventh Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, 8-12 May 1989, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Vol. 24/25, Spring-Summer 1990; pp. 31-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02920231

96.  Himmel, M. E.; Tatsumoto, K.; Grohmann, K.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1990). Molecular Weight Distribution of Aspen Lignins from Conventional Gel Permeation Chromatography, Universal Calibration and Sedimentation Equilibrium. Journal of Chromatography. Vol. 498, 1990; pp. 93-104.

97.  Himmel, M. E.; Tatsumoto, K.; Oh, K. K.; Grohmann, K.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1989). Molecular Weight Distribution of Aspen Lignins Estimated by Universal Calibration. Glasser, W. G.; Sarkanen, S., eds. Lignin: Properties and Materials. ACS Symposium Series 397. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society Chapter 6, pp. 82-99.

98.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1988). Some Aspects of Pyrolysis Oils Characterization by High-Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography. Soltes, E. J.; Milne, T. A., eds. Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass; Producing, Analyzing and Upgrading: Developed from a Symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper and Textile Division and Division of Fuel Chemistry at the 193rd Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Denver, Colorado, 5-10 April 1987. ACS Symposium Series 376. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society Chapter 15, pp. 156-166.

99.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Baker, J.; Grohmann, K.; Sarkanen, K. V.; Wallace, K.; Schroeder, H. A. (1988). Organosolv Pretreatment for Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Poplars: I. Enzyme Hydrolysis of Cellulosic Residues. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Vol. 31, May 1988; pp. 643-649. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.260310703

100.  Ratcliff, M. A.; Johnson, D. K.; Posey, F. L.; Chum, H. L. (1988). Hydrodeoxygenation of Lignins and Model Compounds: Scientific Note. Applied Biochemistry and Biophysics. Proceedings of the Ninth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, 5-8 May 1987, Boulder, Colorado. Vol. 17/18, 1988; pp. 151-160.

101.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L.; Anzick, R.; Baldwin, R. M. (1987). Design and Testing of an Autoclave System for Lignin Hydrotreating. Biochemical Conversion Program Annual Review Meeting: Proceedings from the Solar Energy Research Institute Annual Meeting, 13-15 October 1987, Golden, Colorado. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. D53-D65.

102.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K. (1987). Synthesis of Lignin Model Polymers. Abstracts of Papers; 194th ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; New Oleans, Louisiana; August 30-September 4, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 4.

103.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1987). Some Aspects of Pyrolysis Oils Characterization by High Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography (APSEC). (Abstract). Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 53.

104.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Palasz, P. D.; Smith, C. Z.; Utley, J. H. P. (1987). Reactions of Quinonemethides: Stereoselective Oligomer Syntheses by Michael Additions. Macromolecules. Vol. 20(11), 1987; pp. 2698-2702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma00177a011

105.  Black, S.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1987). Organosolv Pretreatment. Biochemical Conversion Program Annual Review Meeting: Proceedings from the Solar Energy Research Institute Annual Meeting, 13-15 October 1987, Golden, Colorado. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. B77-B92.

106.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Ratcliff, M. A. (1987). Lignin Characterization - A Summary Progress Report. Biochemical Conversion Program Annual Review Meeting: Proceedings from the Solar Energy Research Institute Annual Meeting, 13-15 October 1987, Golden, Colorado. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. D33-D52.

107.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Baker, J. O.; Schroeder, H. A.; Sarkanen, K. V. (1987). Organosolv Pretreatment for Biomass-to-Ethanol and Lignins. Fourth International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry; April 27-30, 1987; Paris. Paris: Jacques Poucet Bresson Volume 1, pp. 91-93.

108.  Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1987). Some Aspects of Pyrolysis Oils Characterization by High Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography (HPSEC). Production, Analysis and Upgrading of Oils from Biomass, Volume 32, No. 2; Preprints of Papers Presented at Denver, Colorado, April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society pp. 167-177.

109.  Chum, H. L.; Diebold, J. P.; Scahill, J. W.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Schroeder, H. A.; Kreibich, R. (1987). Pyrolysis Oil Feedstocks for Phenolic Adhesives. Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 93.

110.  Chum, H. L.; Palasz, P. D.; Johnson, D. K. (1987). Effect of Polymer Formation on the Electrochemistry of Anthraquinone in the Presence of Quinonemethides. (Abstract No. 805). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 87-2. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society, Inc. pp. 1151-1154.

111.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Tucker, M. P.; Himmel, M. E. (1987). Some Aspects of Lignin Characterization by High Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography Using Styrene Divinylbenzene Copolymer Gels. Holzforschung. Vol. 41(2), 1987; pp. 97-108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hfsg.1987.41.2.97

112.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Sarkanen, K. V.; Schroeder, H. A.; Robert, D. (1987). Structural Comparison between Aspen Organosolv Lignins and Steam-Treated Lignins. (Abstract). Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 31.

113.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Palasz, P. D.; Hawkes, G. E.; Smith, C. Z.; Utley, J. H. P. (1987). Key Structural Features of Lignin Models and Acetone-Soluble Phenol-Pulping Lignins by Proton and Carbon-13 NMR Spectroscopy. Fourth International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry; April 27-30, 1987; Paris. Paris: Jacques Poucet Bresson Volume 2, pp. 215-217.

114.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Baker, J. O.; Grohmann, K.; Sarkanen, K. V.; Schroeder, H. A. (1987). Organosolv Pretreatment. (Abstract). Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 41.

115.  Chum, H. L.; Black, S.; Johnson, D. K.; Sarkanen, K. V. (1987). Organosolv Pretreatment for Biomass-to-Ethanol and Lignins. Solvent Pulping - Promises and Problems: Proceedings of the Institute of Paper Chemistry Solvent Pulping Conference, 16-17 June 1987, Appleton, Wisconsin. Appleton, WI: Doshi and Associates, Inc. pp. 35-41.

116.  Johnson, D. K.; Palasz, P. D.; Chum, H. L.; Smith, C. Z.; Utley, J. H. P.; Schuller, L.; Dimmel, D. R. (1987). Lignin Model Polymers: Synthesis, Stereochemistry, and Decomposition in the Presence of Anthraquinone. (Abstract). Abstracts of Papers; 193rd ACS National Meeting; American Chemical Society; Denver, Colorado; April 5-10, 1987. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society CELL 32.


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117.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K. (1986). Liquid Fuels from Lignins: Annual Report. 178 pp.; NREL Report No. TR-234-2907.

118.  Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Ratcliff, M. A.; Black, S.; Oiticica, B.; Wallace, K.; Schroeder, H. A.; Robert, D.; Sarkanen, K. V. (1985). Lignin Characterization Research: A Progress Report. Biochemical Conversion Program Semi-Annual Review Meeting; Golden, Colorado; 10-12 June 1985. SERI/CP-231-2726. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. 25-50.

119.  Schell, D. J.; Goodman, B. J.; Johnson, D. K.; Karpuk, M. E. (1985). Batch Characterization of Dilute Sulfuric Acid Hydrolysis Process of Large Aspen Wood Chips (Draft). 60 pp.; NREL Report No. TR-232-2518.

120.  Ratcliff, M. A.; Posey, F. L.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1985). Operational Study of a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell with Hydrogen and Methanol/Steam. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 132(3), March 1985; pp. 577-582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2113909

121.  Palasz, P. D.; Johnson, D. K.; Chum, H. L. (1985). Electrochemistry of Lignin Model Compounds: Progress Report for Period 1 February 1984 - 31 January 1985 (Draft). 50 pp.; NREL Report No. 20707.

122.  Johnson, D. K.; Black, S.; Ratcliff, M. A.; Chum, H. L.; Burnett, C. A.; Glasser, W. G. (1984). Reductive Electrolysis of Explosively Depressurized Aspen (Populus tremuloides) Lignin. (Abstract No. 343). Electrochemical Society, Extended Abstracts. Volume 84-1. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society pp. 475-476.



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