Skip header navigation to main content. NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NREL Publications

Return to Search

Search Results

Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Click anywhere on the document title to see a document summary or click on the PDF icon to see full text. To export these results, use the export buttons below. To change the sort results, return to Search NREL Publications.

Records 1 to 188 of 188

1.  Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Li, J. V.; Page, M. R. (2012). Comprehensive Study of Hole Collection in Heterojunction Solar Cells. Article No. 093713. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 112(9), 1 November 2012; 9 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5200-55384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4764031

2.  Liu, X. A.; Feldman, J. L.; Cahill, D. G.; Yang, H. S.; Crandall, R. S.; Bernstein, N.; Photiadis, D. M.; Mehl, M. J.; Papaconstantopoulos, D. A. (2011). Anomalously High Thermal Conductivity of Amorphous Silicon Films Prepared by Hot-wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Chinese Journal of Physics. Vol. 49(1), February 2011; pp. 359-368; NREL Report No. JA-5200-51218.

3.  Li, J. V.; Crandall, R. S.; Repins, I. L.; Nardes, A. M.; Levi, D. H. (2011). Applications of Admittance Spectroscopy in Photovoltaic Devices Beyond Majority-Carrier Trapping Defects. [Proceedings] 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC '11), 19-24 June 2011, Seattle, Washington. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) pp. 000075-000078; NREL Report No. CP-5200-55735. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pvsc.2011.6185849

4.  Page, M. R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Xu, Y. Q; Roybal, L.; Hasoon, F.; Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S. (2011). Amorphous/Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells with Varying I-Layer Thickness. Thin Solid Films. Vol. 519(14), 2 May 2011; pp. 4527-4530; NREL Report No. CP-5200-48956. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2011.01.293


360 KB

5.  Li, J. V.; Crandall, R. S.; Repins, I. L.; Nardes, A. M.; Levi, D. H.; Sulima, O. (2011). Applications of Admittance Spectroscopy in Photovoltaic Devices Beyond Majority Carrier Trapping Defects: Preprint. 6 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5200-50697.

6.  Li, J. V.; Crandall, R. S.; Young, D. L.; Page, M. R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q. (2011). Capacitance Study of Inversion at the Amorphous-Crystalline Interface of n-type Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells. Article No. 114502. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 110(11), 1 December 2011; 5 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5200-52613. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3663433

7.  Crandall, R. S. (2010). Nature of the Metastable Boron-Oxygen Complex Formation in Crystalline Silicon. Article No. 103713. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 108(10), 2010; 6 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-49135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3490754

8.  Yang, H. S.; Cahill, D. G.; Liu, X.; Feldman, J. L.; Crandall, R. S.; Sperling, B. A.; Abelson, J. R. (2010). Anomalously High Thermal Conductivity of Amorphous Si Deposited by Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Article No. 104203. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol. 81(10), 2010; 7 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-48251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.81.104203

9.  Kanevce, A.; Li, J. V.; Crandall, R. S.; Pagea, M. R.; Iwaniczko, E. (2010). Simulations of Photo-Carrier Decay on Heterojunction with Intrinsic Thin Layer (HIT) Solar Cells with N-Type Wafers. Proceedings of the 2010 10th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD), 6-9 September 2010, Atlanta, Georgia. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 73-74; NREL Report No. CP-520-48315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NUSOD.2010.5595659

10.  Liu, X.; Feldman, J. L.; Cahill, D. G.; Crandall, R. S.; Bernstein, N.; Photiadis, D. M.; Mehl, M. J.; Papaconstantopoulos, D. A. (2009). High Thermal Conductivity of a Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Film. Article No. 035901. Physical Review Letters. Vol. 102(3), 23 January 2009; 4 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-45372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.035901

11.  Liu, X.; Spiel, C. L.; Merithew, R. D.; Pohl, R. O.; Nelson, B. P.; Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S. (2006). Internal Friction of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon at Low Temperatures. Materials Science and Engineering A. Vol. 442(1/2), 2006; pp. 307-313; NREL Report No. JA-520-41472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2006.01.146

12.  Yelon, A.; Movaghar, B.; Crandall, R. S. (2006). Multi-Exciton Entropy: Its Role in Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Reports on Progress in Physics. Vol. 69, 2006; pp. 1145-1194; NREL Report No. JA-520-40278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/69/4/R04

13.  Du, M. H.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Zhang, S. B. (2006). Bistability-Mediated Carrier Recombination at Light-Induced Boron-Oxygen Complexes in Silicon. Article No. 256602. Physical Review Letters. Vol. 97(25), 22 December 2006; 4 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-41476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.256602

14.  Johnston, S. W.; Kurtz, S. R.; Crandall, R. S. (2006). Characterization of a Dominant Electron Trap in GaNAs Using Deep-Level Transient Spectroscopy. Progress in Semiconductor Materials V--Novel Materials and Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, November 28-December 1, 2005, Boston, Massachusetts. Vol. 891 Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society (MRS) pp. 521-526; NREL Report No. CP-520-39117.


730 KB

15.  Du, M. H.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Zhang, S. B. (2005). New Mechanism for Non-Radiative Recombination at Light-Induced Boron-Oxygen Complexes in Silicon. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-590-39021.


607 KB

16.  Johnston, S.; Kurtz, S.; Friedman, D.; Ptak, A.; Ahrenkiel, R.; Crandall, R. (2005). Electron Traps Detected in p-type GaAsN Using Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-37021.

17.  Johnston, S. W.; Kurtz, S.; Friedman, D. J.; Ptak, A. J.; Ahrenkiel, R. K.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Electron Traps in p-Type GaAsN Characterized by Deep-Level Transient Spectroscopy. Conference Record of the Thirty-First IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference-2005, 3-7 January 2005, Lake Buena Vista, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) pp. 599-602; NREL Report No. CP-520-38886.

18.  Wang, Q.; Ward, S.; Duda, A.; Hu, J.; Stradins, P.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M.; Jeffrey, F.; Lou, H.; Perlov, C.; Jackson, W.; Mei, P.; Taussig, C. (2005). Low Temperature Thin-Film Silicon Diodes for Consumer Electronics. Collins, R.W., et al., eds Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon Science and Technology--2005: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 28 March-1 April 2005, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 862. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 709-714; NREL Report No. CP-520-37850.

19.  AbuShama, J. A. M.; Johnston, S. W.; Crandall, R. S.; Noufi, R. (2005). Meyer-Neldel Rule and the Influence of Entropy on Capture Cross-Section Determination in Cu(In,Ga)Se2. Article No. 123502. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 87(12), 2005; 3 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-38029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2051796


545 KB

20.  Kurtz, S.; Ptak, A.; Johnston, S.; Kramer, C.; Young, M.; Friedman, D.; Geisz, J.; McMahon, W.; Kibbler, A.; Olson, J.; Crandall, R.; Branz, H. (2005). Understanding the Potential and Limitations of Dilute Nitride Alloys for Solar Cells. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-38998.

21.  Crandall, R. (2005). Nature of the Metastable Boron-Oxygen Complex in Crystalline Silicon. Sopori, B.L., ed. 15th Workshop on Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules: Materials and Processes; Extended Abstracts, and Papers. Proceedings of the workshop held 7-10 August 2005, in Vail, Colorado (NREL/BK-520-38573). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 73-79; NREL Report No. CP-520-38780.


644 KB

22.  Young, D. L.; Ramanathan, K.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Unusual Capacitance Emission Transients in CIGS Caused by Large Defect Entropy Changes. 7 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-37359.

23.  Young, D. L.; Ramanathan, K.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Unusual Capacitance Emission Transients in CIGS Caused by Large Defect Entropy Changes. Conference Record of the Thirty-First IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference-2005, 3-7 January 2005, Lake Buena Vista, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) pp. 259-262; NREL Report No. CP-520-38867.


695 KB

24.  Kurtz, S.; Johnston, S.; Friedman, D.; Ptak, A.; Geisz, J.; McMahon, W.; Olson, J.; Kibbler, A.; Crandall, R.; Ahrenkiel, R.; Kramer, C.; Young, M. (2005). Correlation of DLTS and Performance of GaInNAs Cells. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-36972.

25.  Young, D. L.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Erratum: An Electrostatic Barrier to Trap Filling in CuIn1-xGaxSe2 [Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2363 (2003)]. Article No. 059901. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 86(5), 2005; 1 p.; NREL Report No. JA-520-34415-a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1856693


643 KB

26.  Johnston, S. W.; Kurtz, S.; Friedman, D. J.; Ptak, A. J.; Ahrenkiel, R. K.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Electron Traps In p-Type GaAsN Characterized by Deep-Level Transient Spectroscopy. 7 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-37474.

27.  Johnston, S. W.; Kurtz, S. R.; Friedman, D. J.; Ptak, A. J.; Ahrenkiel, R. K.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Observed Trapping of Minority-Carrier Electrons in p-Type GaAsN During Deep-Level Transient Spectroscopy Measurement. Article No. 072109. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 86(7), 2005; 3 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-36682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1865328

28.  Young, D. L.; Crandall, R. S. (2005). Strongly Temperature-Dependent Free-Energy Barriers Measured in a Polycrystalline Semiconductor. Article No. 262107. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 86(26), 2005; 3 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-37765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1977211

29.  Du, M. H.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Zhang, S. B. (2005). Non-Radiative Carrier Recombination at Metastable Light-Induced Boron-Oxygen Complexes in Silicon. Sopori, B.L., ed. 15th Workshop on Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules: Materials and Processes; Extended Abstracts, and Papers. Proceedings of the workshop held 7-10 August 2005, in Vail, Colorado (NREL/BK-520-38573). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 137-140; NREL Report No. CP-590-38755.

30.  Crandall, R. S. (2004). Analysis of Emission Rate Measurements in a Material Showing a Meyer-Neldel Rule. Friedman, D. J., et al., eds. Progress in Compound Semiconductor Materials III--Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 1-4 December 2003, Boston, Massachusetts. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 799. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 9-17; NREL Report No. CP-520-37302.

31.  Wang, Q.; Ward, S.; Duda, A.; Hu, J.; Stradins, P.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M.; Perlov, C.; Jackson, W.; Mei, P.; Taussig, C. (2004). High-Current-Density Thin-Film Silicon Diodes Grown at Low Temperature. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 85(11), 13 September 2004; pp. 2122-2124; NREL Report No. JA-520-36162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1789580

32.  Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.; Jackson, W. B.; Crandall, R. S.; Hu, J.; Wang, Q. (2004). Threshold Voltage and Field for Metal Filament Formation in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Ganguly, G., et al., eds. Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon Science and Technology: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 13-16 April 2004, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 808. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 465-470; NREL Report No. CP-520-37517.


367 KB

33.  Johnston, S. W.; Crandall, R. S. (2003). Evidence of the Meyer-Neldel Rule in InGaAsN Alloys: Consequences for Photovoltaic Materials; Preprint. 9 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33229.

34.  Young, D. L.; Ramanathan, K.; Contreras, M.; Abushama, J.; Crandall, R. S. (2003). Barrier to Trap Filling in CuIn1-xGaxSe2. Noufi, R. et al., eds. Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 22-25 April 2003, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 763. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society (MRS) pp. 249-254; NREL Report No. CP-520-35987.


345 KB

35.  Young, D. L.; Ramanathan, K.; Contreras, M.; Abushama, J.; Crandall, R. S. (2003). Barrier to Trap Filling CuIn1-xGaxSe2: Preprint. 8 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33953.

36.  AbuShama, J. A.; Johnston, S.; Ahrenkiel, R.; Crandall, R.; Young, D.; Noufi, R. (2003). Evolution of Electronic Properties of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS)-Based Solar Cells During a 3-Stage Growth Process. Noufi, R. et al., eds. Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 22-25 April 2003, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 763. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 255-260; NREL Report No. CP-520-33084.

37.  Hu, J.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Ward, S.; Wang, Q. (2003). Switching and Filament Formation in Hot-Wire CVD p-Type a-Si:H Devices. Thin Solid Films. Vol. 430, 2003; pp. 249-252; NREL Report No. JA-520-34987. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(03)00117-2

38.  Johnston, S. W.; Crandall, R. S.; Yelon, A. (2003). Evidence of the Meyer-Neldel Rule in InGaAsN Alloys and the Problem of Determining Trap Capture Cross Sections. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 83(5), 4 August 2003; pp. 908-910; NREL Report No. JA-520-33230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1596713


673 KB

39.  Ptak, A. J.; Kurtz, S.; Johnston, S. W.; Friedman, D. J.; Geisz, J. F.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Kibbler, A. E.; Kramer, C.; Young, M.; Wei, S.-H; Zhang, S.B.; Janotti, A.; Carrier, P.; Crandall, R. S.; Keyes, B. M.; Dippo, P.; Norman, A. G.; Metzger, W. K.; Ahrenkiel, R. K. (2003). Defects in GaInNAs: What We've Learned So Far. NCPV and Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, 24-26 March 2003, Denver, Colorado (CD-ROM). NREL/CD-520-33586. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 7 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33555.

40.  Crandall, R. S. (2003). Meyer-Neldel Rule in Deep-Level-Transient-Spectroscopy and its Ramifications. Noufi, R. et al., eds. Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 22-25 April 2003, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 763. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society (MRS) pp. 79-83; NREL Report No. CP-520-35983.

41.  Johnston, S. W.; Crandall, R. S. (2003). Evidence of the Meyer-Neldel Rule in InGaAsN Alloys: Consequences for Photovoltaic Materials. Noufi, R. et al., eds. Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 22-25 April 2003, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 763. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society (MRS) pp. 85-90; NREL Report No. CP-520-35984.


387 KB

42.  Nelson, B. P.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Stradins, P.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Y. (2003). Project Summary of the NREL Amorphous Silicon Team. NCPV and Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, 24-26 March 2003, Denver, Colorado (CD-ROM). NREL/CD-520-33586. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 7 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33564.

43.  Young, D. L.; Crandall, R. S. (2003). Electrostatic Barrier to Trap Filling in CuIn1-xGaxSe2. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 83(12), 2003; pp. 2363-2365; NREL Report No. JA-520-34415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1613034


380 KB

44.  AbuShama, J. A.; Johnston, S.; Ahrenkiel, R.; Crandall, R.; Young, D.; Noufi, R. (2003). Evolution of Electronic Properties of (Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS)-Based Solar Cells During a 3-Stage Growth Process: Preprint. 9 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-33949.

45.  Hu, J.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Ward, S.; Wang, Q. (2002). Switching Behavior in p-Type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon with One and Two Blocking Contacts. Cohen, D. J., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2002: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 2-5 April 2002, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 715. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 763-768; NREL Report No. CP-520-34223.

46.  Crandall, R. S. (2002). Meyer-Neldel Rule in Charge-Trapping Metastability in p-type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Article No. 195210. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol. 66(19), 2002; 8 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-520-33854. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.66.195210

47.  Branz, H. M.; Reedy, R.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, H.; Xu, Y.; Nelson, B. P. (2002). Fermi-Level Dependence of the Charge State of Diffusing Hydrogen in Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors (ICAMS-19), 27-31 August 2001, Nice, France. Vol. 299-302, April 2002; pp. 191-195; NREL Report No. JA-520-32891. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(01)01161-9

48.  Liu, X.; Photiadis, D. M.; Wu, H. D.; Chrisey, D. B.; Pohl, R. O.; Crandall, R. S. (2002). Disorder in Tetrahedrally Bonded Amorphous Solids. Philosophical Magazine B. Vol. 82(2), 2002; pp. 185-195; NREL Report No. JA-520-32042. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13642810110084597

49.  Branz, H. M.; Xu, Y.; Heck, S.; Wang, Q.; Gao, W.; Crandall, R. S.; Nelson, B. P. (2002). Photoconductivity Stability Improvement in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon by Ultraviolet Illumination. Cohen, D. J., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2002: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 2-5 April 2002, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 715. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 453-458; NREL Report No. CP-520-34220.

50.  Crandall, R. S. (2002). Charge-Trapping Metastability in p-Type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon: Meyer-Neldel Rule and Entropy Change. Cohen, D. J., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2002: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 2-5 April 2002, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 715. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 471-478; NREL Report No. CP-520-34222.

51.  Iwancizko, E.; Jones, K. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H. (2001). Rapid Low-Temperature Epitaxial Growth Using a Hot-Element Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition Process. U.S. Patent No. 6,251,183 B1. 7 pp.; NREL Report No. PT-520-30767.


205 KB

52.  Merithew, R. D.; Liu, X.; Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Pohl, R. O. (2001). Internal Friction of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon Containing Hydrogen: Preprint. 4 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-31038.

53.  Merithew, R. D.; Liu, X.; Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Pohl, R. O. (2001). Internal Friction of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon Containing Hydrogen. Proceedings of the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting, 14-17 October 2001, Lakewood, Colorado (CD-ROM). NREL/EL-520-31065. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-34074.

54.  Weber, M. H.; Gessmann, T.; Lynn, K. G.; Crandall, R. S.; Yang, J.; Guha, S. (2001). Positron Annihilation Studies on a-Si Thin Films. McConnell, R. D.; Kapur, V. K., eds. Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II: Proceedings of the International Symposium, March 2001, Washington, DC. Electrochemical Society Proceedings Vol. 2001-10. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society pp. 293-301; NREL Report No. CP-520-33220.

55.  Nelson, B. P.; Xu, Y.; Mahan, A. H.; Williamson, D. L.; Crandall, R. S. (2001). Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Grown by Hot-Wire CVD at Deposition Rates up to 1 um/Minute. Collins, R. W., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films--2000: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 24-28 April 2000, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 609. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A22.8.1-A22.8-6; NREL Report No. CP-520-28340.

56.  Spiel, C. L.; Liu, X.; Nelson, B. P.; Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Pohl, R. O. (2001). Low Temperature Internal Friction of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon. McConnell, R. D.; Kapur, V. K., eds. Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II: Proceedings of the International Symposium, March 2001, Washington, DC. Electrochemical Society Proceedings Vol. 2001-10. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society pp. 302-308; NREL Report No. CP-520-33221.

57.  Crandall, R. S.; Thiesen, J. (2001). Hydrogen Diffusion During Amorphous Silicon Growth and Its Consequences for the Transition to Nanocrystalline Growth. Stutzmann, M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2001: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 16-20 April 2001, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 664. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A27.2.1 - A27.2.6; NREL Report No. CP-520-32935.

58.  Crandall, R. S.; Yang, J.; Guha, S. (2001). Defect Density Profiling in Light-Soaked and Annealed Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Stutzmann, M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2001: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 16-20 April 2001, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 664. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A19.2.1 - A19.2.6; NREL Report No. CP-520-32934.

59.  Crandall, R. S.; Liu, X. (2001). Elastic Properties of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Silicon. Thin Solid Films. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cat-CVD (Hot-Wire CVD) Process, 14-17 November 2000, Kanazawa, Japan. Vol. 395(1-2), 2001; pp. 78-83; NREL Report No. JA-520-31829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(01)01212-3

60.  Voyles, P. M.; Treacy, M. M. J.; Jin, H. C.; Abelson, J. R.; Gibson, J. M.; Yang, J.; Guha, S.; Crandall, R. S. (2001). Comparative Fluctuation Microscopy Study of Medium-Range Order in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Deposited by Various Methods. Collins, R. W., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films--2000: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 24-28 April 2000, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 609. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A2.4.1-A2.4.6; NREL Report No. CP-520-30429.

61.  Wang, Q.; Iwaniczko, E.; Xu, Y.; Gao, W.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (2001). Efficient 18 ..Angs../s Solar Cells with All Silicon Layers Deposited by Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Collins, R. W., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films--2000: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 24-28 April 2000, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 609. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A4.3.1-A4.3.6; NREL Report No. CP-520-30431.

62.  Nelson, B. P.; Xu, Y.; Reedy, R. C.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H.; Branz, H. M. (2001). Determination of the Mobile-Hydrogen Charge State in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Stutzmann, M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon-Based Films--2001: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 16-20 April 2001, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 664. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. A28.2.1 - A28.2.6; NREL Report No. CP-520-32936.

63.  Mahan, A. H.; Xu, Y.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S.; Cohen, J. D.; Palinginis, K. C.; Gallagher, A. C. (2001). Saturated Defect Densities of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Grown by Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition at Rates up to 150 A/s. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 78(24), 11 June 2001; pp. 3788-3790; NREL Report No. JA-520-31099. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1375008

64.  Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (2001). High-Deposition Rate a-Si:H n-i-p Solar Cells Grown by HWCVD. Thin Solid Films. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cat-CVD (Hot-Wire CVD) Process, 14-17 November 2000, Kanazawa, Japan. Vol. 395(1-2), 2001; pp. 292-297; NREL Report No. JA-520-29317. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(01)01274-3

65.  Zhu, K.; Lyou, J. H.; Schiff, E. A.; Crandall, R. S.; Ganguly, G.; Hegedus, S. S. (2000). Interfacial Optical Spectra in Amorphous Silicon Based pin Solar Cells. Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference--2000, 15-22 September 2000, Anchorage, Alaska. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. pp. 725-727; NREL Report No. CP-520-30341.

66.  Gao, W.; Liu, P.; Crandall, R. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Benson, D. K.; Branz, H. M. (2000). Approaches for Large-Area a-SiC:H Photovoltaic-Powered Electrochromic Window Coatings. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Special Issue: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors--Science and Technology, 23-27 August 1999, Snowbird, Utah. Vol. 266-269, 1 May 2000; pp. 1140-1144; NREL Report No. JA-520-28654. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(99)00918-7

67.  Liu, X.; Pohl, R. O.; Crandall, R. S. (2000). Lattice Vibrations of Amorphous and Disordered Crystalline Silicon. Physica B. Vol. 280, 2000; pp. 251-252; NREL Report No. JA-520-28693. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4526(99)01664-6

68.  Liu, X.; Spiel, C. L.; Pohl, R. O.; Iwaniczko, E.; Crandall, R. S. (2000). Low Temperature Internal Friction Study of Light-Induced Structural Instability in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Special Issue: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors--Science and Technology, 23-27 August 1999, Snowbird, Utah. Vol. 266-269, 1 May 2000; pp. 501-505; NREL Report No. JA-520-28670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(00)00050-8


444 KB

69.  Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Y.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (2000). All-Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition a-Si:H Solar Cells. Program and Proceedings: NCPV Program Review Meeting 2000, 16-19 April 2000, Denver, Colorado. NREL/BK-520-28064. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 195-196; NREL Report No. CP-520-28218.

70.  Crandall, R. S. (2000). Charge-Trapping Metastability in Doped Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Special Issue: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors--Science and Technology, 23-27 August 1999, Snowbird, Utah. Vol. 266-269, 1 May 2000; pp. 423-427; NREL Report No. JA-520-28667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(00)00046-6


479 KB

71.  Xu, Y.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Williamson, D. L.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q. (2000). a-Si:H Grown by Hot-Wire CVD at Ultra-High Deposition Rates. Program and Proceedings: NCPV Program Review Meeting 2000, 16-19 April 2000, Denver, Colorado. NREL/BK-520-28064. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 199-200; NREL Report No. CP-520-28220.

72.  Su, T.; Taylor, P. C.; Chen, S.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (2000). Molecular Hydrogen in Amorphous Silicon Revisited. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Special Issue: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors--Science and Technology, 23-27 August 1999, Snowbird, Utah. Vol. 266-269, 1 May 2000; pp. 195-200; NREL Report No. JA-520-28658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(99)00814-5

73.  Wang, Q.; Iwaniczko, E.; Xu, Y.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (2000). Efficient High-Deposition-Rate All-Hot-Wire Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon N-I-P Solar Cells. Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference--2000, 15-22 September 2000, Anchorage, Alaska. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. pp. 717-720; NREL Report No. CP-520-28966.

74.  Thiesen, J.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S. (2000). Explanation of the Limiting Thickness Observed in Low-Temperature Silicon Epitaxy. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 77(22), 27 November 2000; pp. 3589-3591; NREL Report No. JA-520-29555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1328767

75.  Su, T.; Taylor, P. C.; Chen, S.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (2000). Ortho-Molecular Hydrogen in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 76(5), 31 January 2000; pp. 565-567; NREL Report No. 28229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.125818


531 KB

76.  Su, T.; Chen, S.; Taylor, P. C.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (2000). NMR Studies of Molecular Hydrogen in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Program and Proceedings: NCPV Program Review Meeting 2000, 16-19 April 2000, Denver Colorado. NREL/BK-520-28064. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 211-212; NREL Report No. CP-520-29667.

77.  Su, T.; Chen, S.; Taylor, P. C.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (2000). Molecular Hydrogen in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon: NMR Evidence. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 62(19), 15 November 2000-I; pp. 12,849-12,858; NREL Report No. JA-520-29535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.62.12849

78.  Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Liu, X.; Pohl, R. O. (1999). Low Temperature Vibrational Properties of Amorphous Silicon. Schropp, R., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1998: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 14-17 April 1998, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 507. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 585-594; NREL Report No. 27258.


2.5Mb

79.  Thiesen, J.; Jones, K. M.; Matson, R.; Reedy, R.; Crandall, R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, H. (1999). Growth of Homo-Epitaxial Silicon at Low Temperatures Using Hot Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. 14 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-26365.

80.  Su, T.; Taylor, P. C.; Chen, S.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1999). NMR Study of Ortho-Molecular Hydrogen in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 293-298; NREL Report No. CP-520-28471.

81.  Webb, J. D.; Gedvilas, L. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Reedy, R.; Matson, R. J. (1999). Anisotropy in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films as Observed Using Polarized FTIR-ATR Spectroscopy. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 311-316; NREL Report No. CP-520-26356.

82.  Shinar, J.; Shinar, R.; Junge, K. E.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (1999). Comparative Study of Hydrogen Diffusion in Hot-Wire and Glow Discharge-Deposited a-Si:H. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 299-304; NREL Report No. CP-520-28458.


1.2Mb

83.  Matson, R.; Thiesen, J.; Jones, K. M.; Crandall, R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, H. (1999). Use of Electron Channeling Patterns for Process Optimization of Low-Temperature Epitaxial Silicon Using Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. 9 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-26364.

84.  Mahan, A. H.; Reedy, R. C., Jr.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q.; Nelson, B. P.; Xu, Y.; Gallagher, A. C.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Yang, J.; Guha, S. (1999). H Out-Diffusion and Device Performance in n-i-p Solar Cells Utilizing High Temperature Hot Wire a-Si:H i-Layers. Schropp, R., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1998: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 14-17 April 1998, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 507. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 119-124; NREL Report No. CP-520-24614.

85.  Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Y.; Gao, W. (1999). Low Hydrogen Content, High Quality Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Grown by Hot-Wire CVD. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 97-102; NREL Report No. CP-520-28441.

86.  Liu, X.; Iwaniczko, E.; Phol, R. O.; Crandall, R. S. (1999). Molecular Hydrogen in Hot-Wire Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Schropp, R., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1998: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 14-17 April 1998, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 507. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 595-600; NREL Report No. 27268.

87.  Pohl, R. O.; Liu, X.; Crandall, R. S. (1999). Lattice Vibrations of Disordered Solids. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science. Vol. 4, 1999; pp. 281-287; NREL Report No. 27913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-0286(99)00028-5

88.  Petkov, M. P.; Weber, M. H.; Lynn, K. G.; Crandall, R. S.; Ghosh, V. J. (1999). Direct Evidence of Phosphorus-Defect Complexes in n-Type Amorphous Silicon and Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Physical Review Letters. Vol. 82(19), 10 May 1999; pp. 3819-3822; NREL Report No. 27241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.3819

89.  Thiesen, J.; Jones, K. M.; Matson, R.; Reedy, R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, H.; Crandall, R. (1999). Growth of Homo-Epitaxial Silicon at Low Temperatures Using Hot Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Barabasi, A. L., ed. Epitaxial Growth: Principles and Applications: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Spring Conference, 6-10 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 570. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 261-271; NREL Report No. 27863.


540Kb

90.  Webb, J. D.; Gedvilas, L. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H.; Reedy, R.; Matson, R. J. (1999). Anisotropy in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films as Observed Using Polarized FTIR-ATR Spectroscopy. 9 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-26355.

91.  Liu, X.; Pohl, R. O.; Crandall, R. S. (1999). Structural Origin of Bulk Molecular Hydrogen in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 323-328; NREL Report No. CP-520-28459.

92.  Mahan, A. H.; Vanecek, M.; Poruba, A.; Vorlicek, V.; Crandall, R. S.; Williamson, D. L. (1999). Low Defect Density Microcrystalline-Si Deposited by the Hot Wire Technique. Schropp, R., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1998: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 14-17 April 1998, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 507. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 825-830; NREL Report No. CP-520-24611.

93.  Matson, R.; Thiesen, J.; Jones, K. M.; Crandall, R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, H. (1999). Use of Electron Channeling Patterns for Process Optimization of Low-Temperature Epitaxial Silicon Using Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Barabasi, A. L., ed. Epitaxial Growth: Principles and Applications: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Spring Conference, 6-10 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 570. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 135-140; NREL Report No. 27862.

94.  Thiesen, J.; Iwaniczko, E.; Jones, K. M.; Mahan, A.; Crandall, R. (1999). Growth of Epitaxial Silicon at Low Temperatures Using Hot Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 75(7), 16 August 1999; pp. 992-994; NREL Report No. JA-520-26083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.124576

95.  Nelson, B. P.; Wang, Q.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S. (1999). Influence of Electrons from the Filament on the Material Properties of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Grown by the Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition Technique. Schropp, R., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1998: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 14-17 April 1998, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 507. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 927-932; NREL Report No. CP-520-24525.

96.  Mahan, A. H.; Reedy, R. C., Jr.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q.; Nelson, B. P.; Xu, Y.; Gallagher, A. C.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Yang, J.; Guha, S. (1999). H Out-Diffusion and Device Performance in n-i-p Solar Cells Using High Temperature Hot Wire a-Si:H i-Layers. Al-Jassim, M.; Thornton, J. P.; Gee, J. M., eds. NCPV Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the 15th Conference, 9-11 September 1998, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings 462. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics pp. 285-290; NREL Report No. 27400.

97.  Carlson, D. E.; Chen, L. F.; Ganguly, G.; Lin, G.; Middya, A. R.; Crandall, R. S.; Reedy, R. (1999). Comparison of the Degradation and Annealing Kinetics in Amorphous Silicon and Amorphous Silicon-Germanium Solar Cells. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 395-400; NREL Report No. CP-520-28464.

98.  Liu, X.; Pohl, R. O.; Crandall, R. S. (1999). Light-Induced Increase in Two-Level Tunneling States in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Branz, H. M., et al., eds. Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Thin Films: Fundamentals to Devices--1999; Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 5-9 April 1999, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol. 557. Warrendale, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 389-394; NREL Report No. CP-520-28468.

99.  Petkov, M. P.; Marek, T.; Asoka-Kumar, P.; Lynn, K. G.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1998). Investigation of Hydrogenized Amorphous Si Structures with Doppler Broadening Positron Annihilation Techniques. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 73(1), 6 July 1998; pp. 99-101; NREL Report No. 25645. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.121793


164k

100.  Mahan, A. H.; Reedy Jr., R. C.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q.; Nelson, B. P.; Xu, Y.; Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Gallagher, A. C.; Yang, J.; Guha, S. (1998). H Out-Diffusion and Device Performance in n-I-p Solar Cells Utilizing High Temperature Hot Wire a-Si:H I-Layers. 8 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-25481.

101.  Wang, Q.; Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Benner, J. (1998). Influence of Charge Effect on the Growth of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon by the Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition Technique. Schmid, J., et al., eds. 2nd World Conference on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion: Proceedings of the International Conference, 6-10 July 1998, Vienna, Austria. Italy: European Commission Vol. I: pp. 910-913; NREL Report No. 27324.


48k

102.  Wang, Q.; Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Benner, J. (1998). Influence of Charge Effect on the Growth of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon by the Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition Technique. 5 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-520-23913.

103.  Crandall, R. S.; Liu, X.; Iwaniczko, E. (1998). Recent Developments in Hot Wire Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 227-230, 1998; pp. 23-28; NREL Report No. 25647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00327-5

104.  Remes, Z.; Vanecek, M.; Torres, P.; Kroll, U.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S. (1998). Optical Determination of the Mass Density of Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Layers with Different Hydrogen Contents. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 227-230, 1998; pp. 876-879; NREL Report No. 25661. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00207-5

105.  Liu, X.; Pohl, R. O.; Asher, S.; Crandall, R. S. (1998). Contamination of Silicon During Ion-Implantation and Annealing. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 227-230, 1998; pp. 407-410; NREL Report No. 25660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00175-6

106.  Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Han, D. (1997). Effects of Hydrogen Dilution on Voc in a-Si:H pin Solar Cells. Wagner, S., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1997: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 31 March - 4 April 1997, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 467. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 753-758; NREL Report No. 24536.

107.  Liu, X.; White, B. E., Jr.; Pohl, R. O.; Iwanizcko, E.; Jones, K. M.; Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B. N.; Crandall, R. S.; Veprek, S. (1997). Amorphous Solid without Low Energy Excitations. Physical Review Letters. Vol. 78(23), 9 June 1997; pp. 4418-4421; NREL Report No. 20186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.4418

108.  Dong, S.; Tang, Y.; Liebe, J.; Braunstein, R.; Crandall, R. S.; Nelson, B. P.; Mahan, A. H. (1997). Transport Properties of Intrinsic Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Produced by the Hot-Wire Technique Investigated by the Photomixing Technique. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 82(2), 15 July 1997; pp. 702-707; NREL Report No. 24316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.365601

109.  Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H.; Iwaniczko, E.; Jones, K. M.; Liu, X.; White, B. E.; Pohl, R. O. (1997). New Results on the Microstructure of Amorphous Silicon as Observed by Internal Friction. Wagner, S., et al., eds. Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology 1997: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 31 March - 4 April 1997, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 467. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 191-196; NREL Report No. 24537.

110.  Mahan, A. H.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Reedy, R. C., Jr.; Unold, T.; Crandall, R. S.; Guha, S.; Yang, J. (1997). Hot Wire Deposited Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Witt, C. E.; Al-Jassim, M.; Gee, J. M., eds. NREL/SNL Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the 14th Conference, 18-22 November 1996, Lakewood, Colorado . AIP Conference Proceedings 394. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics pp. 27-32; NREL Report No. TP-520-22774.

111.  Remes, Z.; Vanecek, M.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S. (1997). Silicon Network Relaxation in Amorphous Hydrogenated Silicon. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 56(20), 15 November 1997-II; pp. R12,710-R12,713; NREL Report No. 24351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.56.R12710

112.  Crandall, R. S.; Schiff, E. A. (1996). Correlation of Open-Circuit Voltage with Bandgap in Amorphous Silicon-Based pin Solar Cells. Ullal, H. S.; Witt, C. E., eds. 13th NREL Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the Review Meeting, 16-19 May 1995, Lakewood, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 353. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 101-106; NREL Report No. 21033.

113.  Wang, Q.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Role of Hydrogen Dilution in a-Si:H p-i-n Solar Cells Stability. Ullal, H. S.; Witt, C. E., eds. 13th NREL Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the Review Meeting, 16-19 May 1995, Lakewood, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 353. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 473-480; NREL Report No. 21057.

114.  Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Schiff, E. A. (1996). Field Collapse Due to Band-Tail Charge in Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Gwinner, D., ed. NREL Preprints for the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference of IEEE Twenty-Five, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. NREL/TP-410-21091. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 147-150; NREL Report No. 20410.

115.  Mahan, A. H.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Reedy, R. C.; Crandall, R. S.; Guha, S.; Yang, J. (1996). Hot Wire Deposited Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers pp. 1065-1068; NREL Report No. 22506.

116.  Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S.; Schiff, E. A. (1996). Field Collapse Due to Band-Tail Charge in Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers pp. 1113-1116; NREL Report No. 22509.

117.  Crandall, R. S.; Wang, Q. (1996). Density of States Measurements in a p-i-n Solar Cell. Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers pp. 1117-1120; NREL Report No. 22510.

118.  Lips, K.; Unold, T.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Emission Limited Filling of Deep Defects in Transient Capacitance Experiments. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 198-200, 1996; pp. 525-529; NREL Report No. 21650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(95)00751-2

119.  Wu, Y.; Stephen, J. T.; Han, D. X.; Rutland, J. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1996). New Hydrogen Distribution in a-Si:H: An NMR Study. Physical Review Letters. Vol. 77(10), 2 September 1996; pp. 2049-2052; NREL Report No. 22916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.2049

120.  Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Wang, Q.; Molenbroek, E. C.; Asher, S. E.; Reedy, R. C.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Hot Wire Deposited Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Ullal, H. S.; Witt, C. E., eds. 13th NREL Photovoltaics Program Review: Proceedings of the Review Meeting, 16-19 May 1995, Lakewood, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 353. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 67-72; NREL Report No. TP-451-8109.

121.  Crandall, R. S.; Lipps, K. (1996). Subtleties of Capacitance Transients in Amorphous Silicon. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology -- 1996: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 8-12 April 1996, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 420. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 685-690; NREL Report No. 23007.

122.  Vanecek, M.; Remes, Z.; Fric, J.; Sipek, E.; Fejfar, A.; Kocka, J.; Kroll, U.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Light-Saturated Defect Density in Amorphous Silicon with Different Oxygen Content, Microstructure and Hydrogen Bonding. Freiesleben, W., et al., eds. Thirteenth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference, 23-27 October 1995, Nice, France. Bedford, UK: H. S. Stephens & Associates Vol. II: pp. 242-245; NREL Report No. 21331.

123.  Lips, K.; Unold, T.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Partial Depletion Region Collapse and Its Impact on Transient Capacitance Measurements. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology -- 1996: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 8-12 April 1996, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 420. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 691-696; NREL Report No. 23008.

124.  Wang, Q.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Probe of Field Collapse in a-Si:H Solar Cells. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology -- 1996: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 8-12 April 1996, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 420. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 215-220; NREL Report No. 23021.

125.  Mahan, A. H.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Reedy, R. C. Jr.; Crandall, R. S.; Guha, S.; Yang, J. (1996). Hot Wire Deposited Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. Gwinner, D., ed. NREL Preprints for the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference of IEEE Twenty-Five, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. NREL/TP-410-21091. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 75-78; NREL Report No. 20443.

126.  Crandall, R. S.; Wang, Q. (1996). Density of States Measurements in a p-i-n Solar Cell. Gwinner, D., ed. NREL Preprints for the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference of IEEE Twenty-Five, 13-17 May 1996, Washington, DC. NREL/TP-410-21091. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory pp. 19-22; NREL Report No. 20442.

127.  Vanecek, M.; Fric, J.; Poruba, A.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S. (1996). Influence of Annealing Above the Deposition Temperature on Metastability in Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Amorphous Semiconductors - Science and Technology, 4 September 1995, Kobe, Japan. Vol. 198-200(1-3), 15 May 1996; pp. 478-481; NREL Report No. 21733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(95)00742-3


209 KB

128.  Crandall, R.; Wang, Q.; Schiff, E. (1996). Field Collapse Due to Band Tail Charge in Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells. 6 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-451-20441.

129.  Gu, Q.; Schiff, E. A.; Crandall, R. S.; Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. (1995). Electron Drift Mobility in a-Si:H Prepared by Hot-Wire Deposition. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology 1995: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 18-21 April 1995, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 377. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 437-442; NREL Report No. 20849.

130.  Crandall, R.; Luft, W. (1995). Future of Amorphous Silicon Photovoltaic Technology. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. Vol. 3(5), September 1995; pp. 315-331; NREL Report No. 21430.

131.  Mahan, A. H.; Johnson, E. J.; Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (1995). Measurement of Two Deep H Bonding Levels in Device Quality Glow Discharge a-Si:H. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology 1995: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 18-21 April 1995, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 377. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 413-418; NREL Report No. TP-451-7999.

132.  Carlen, M. W.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S. (1995). Observation of Slow Dangling-Bond Relaxation in p-type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 51(4), 15 January 1995-II; 2173-2179; NREL Report No. TP-451-7366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.51.2173

133.  Crandall, R. S.; Carlen, M. W. (1995). Connection Between Dangling-Bond Relaxation and Metastability in P-Type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 190(1-2), 1 October 1995; pp. 133-141; NREL Report No. 20634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(95)00266-9

134.  Crandall, R. S.; Carlen, M. W.; Lips, K.; Xu, Y. (1995). Dangling-Bond Relaxation and Metastability in P-type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Hack, M., et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology 1995: Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 18-21 April 1995, San Francisco, California. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 377. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 227-232; NREL Report No. 20841.


599 KB

135.  Crandall, R.; Luft, W. (1995). Future of Amorphous Silicon Photovoltaic Technology. 26 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-411-8019.

136.  Benson, D. K.; Crandall, R. S.; Deb, S. K.; Stone, J. L. (1995). Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Powered Electrochromic Window. U.S. Patent No. 5,384,653. 14 pp..

137.  Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Schropp, R. E. I.; Mahan, H.; Molenbroek, E. C.; Salamon, S.; Crandall, R. S. (1994). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells Incorporating Hot-Wire Deposited Intrinsic Layers. Hill, R.; Palz, W.; Helm, P., eds. Twelfth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference, 11-15 April 1994, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Bedford, UK: H. S. Stephens & Associates Vol. 1: pp. 679-682; NREL Report No. TP-451-6476.

138.  Iwaniczko, E.; Nelson, B. P.; Molenbroek, E. C.; Schropp, R.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1994). a-Si:H Solar Cells Deposited by the Hot Wire Method. Noufi, R.; Ullal, H. S., eds. NREL Photovoltaic Program Review: Proceedings of the 12th Review Meeting, 13-15 October 1993, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 306. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 458-459.

139.  Vanecek, M.; Remes, Z.; Fric, J.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1994). On the Microscopic Origin of the Higher Stability of Amorphous Silicon Prepared by Hot Wire Technique. Hill, R.; Palz, W.; Helm, P., eds. Twelfth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference, 11-15 April 1994, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Bedford, UK: H. S. Stephens & Associates Vol. 1: pp. 354-357.

140.  Zhang, J. G.; Benson, D. K.; Tracy, C. E.; Deb, S. K.; Czanderna, A. W.; Crandall, R. S. (1994). Optimization Study of Solid State Electrochromic Devices Based on WO3/Lithium-Polymer Electrolyte/V2O5 Structures. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 141(10), October 1994; pp. 2795-2800; NREL Report No. TP-452-6287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2059226

141.  Zapletal, J.; Fejfar, A.; Fouad Abdel Hamied, S.; Sipek, E.; Pelant, I.; Kocka, J.; Juska, G.; Yokoi, T.; Azuma, M.; Shimizu, I.; Mahan, H.; Crandall, R. S. (1994). Pulsed Ruby Laser Accelerated Degradation of Amorphous Silicon and the Density of States. Hill, R.; Palz, W.; Helm, P., eds. Twelfth European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference, 11-15 April 1994, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Bedford, UK: H. S. Stephens & Associates Vol. 1: pp. 104-107.

142.  Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Nelson, B. P (1994). Analyzing Risks Associated with Hazardous Production Materials. Solid State Technology. Vol. 37(7), July 1994; pp. 121-129.

143.  Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Tracy, C. E. (1994). Electrochromic-Photovoltaic Film for Light-Sensitive Control of Optical Transmittance. U.S. Patent No. 5,377,037. 10 pp..

144.  Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Nelson, B. P. (1993). Safety Analysis for the Use of Hazardous Production Materials in Photovoltaic Applications. Prince, M., ed. Advances in Solar Energy: An Annual Review of Research and Development; Volume 8. Boulder, CO: American Solar Energy Society Chapter 17, pp. 345-396.

145.  Vanecek, M.; Fric, J.; Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H. (1993). On the Role of Hydrogen in Metastable Defect Equilibration in Undoped Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 164-166(1-3), 15 December 1993; pp. 335-338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(93)90558-F

146.  Vanecek, M.; Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S. (1993). Influence of Hydrogen and Microstructure on Increased Stability of Amorphous Silicon. Guimaraes, L. et al., eds. Eleventh E.C. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference, 12-16 October 1992, Montreux, Switzerland. Langhorne, PA: Harwood Academic Publishers pp. 96-99.

147.  Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S.; Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M. (1992). Overview of Safety Assessment, Regulation, and Control of Hazardous Material Use at NREL. Noufi, R., ed. Photovoltaic Advanced Research & Development Project: Proceedings of the 11th Review Meeting, 13-15 May 1992, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings No. 268. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 549-555; NREL Report No. TP-451-4908.

148.  Crandall, R. S.; Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B.; Vanecek, M.; Balberg, I. (1992). Properties of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Produced at High Temperature. Noufi, R., ed. Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Project: Proceedings of the 11th Review Meeting, 13-15 May 1992, Denver, Colorado. AIP Conference Proceedings 268. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 81-87; NREL Report No. TP-451-4923.

149.  Tsuo, Y. S.; Xu, Y.; Balberg, I.; Crandall, R. S. (1991). Effects of Helium Dilution on Glow Discharge Depositions of Si1-xGex:H Alloys. Conference Record of the Twenty Second IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1991. Vol. I pp. 1334-1337; NREL Report No. TP-212-4529.

150.  Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B. P.; Salamon, S.; Crandall, R. S. (1991). Deposition of Device Quality, Low H Content, a-Si:H by the Hot Wire Technique. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 137&138 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., North-Holland pp. 657-660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(05)80206-6

151.  Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S.; Silver, M. (1991). Metastability in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon: The Adler Model Revisited. Stafford, B. L., ed. Amorphous Silicon Materials and Solar Cells. AIP Conference Proceedings 234. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 29-36.

152.  Crandall, R. S.; Tsuo, Y. S.; Xu, Y.; Mahan, A. H.; Williamson, D. L. (1991). Recent Amorphous Silicon Research Results at the Solar Energy Research Institute. Solar Cells. Vol. 30(Complete), May 1991; pp. 15-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6787(91)90033-L

153.  Stafford, B. L.; Luft, W.; von Roedern, B.; Crandall, R.; Wallace, W. L. (1991). U.S. DOE/NREL Amorphous Silicon Photovoltaics Program. Conference Record of the Twenty Second IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 7-11 October 1991, Las Vegas, Nevada. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) Vol. II: pp.1329-1333; NREL Report No. TP-214-4527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.1991.169423

154.  Mahan, A. H.; Carapella, J.; Crandall, R. S.; Balberg, I. (1991). Deposition of Device Quality, Low H Content Amorphous Silicon. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 69(9), 1 May 1991; pp. 6728-6730; NREL Report No. TP-212-3903. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.348897

155.  Crandall, R. S.; Sadlon, K.; Salamon, S. J.; Branz, H. M. (1991). Capacitance Studies of Bias-Induced Metastability in p-type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Stafford, B. L., ed. Amiorphous Silicon Alloy Materials and Solar Cells. AIP Conference Proceedings 234. New York: American Institute of Physics pp. 154-161; NREL Report No. TP-212-4016.

156.  Crandall, R. S.; Salamon, S. J.; Xu, Y. (1991). Density of States Spectroscopy in p-Type a-Si:H and a-SiC:H. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. Vol. 137 & 138 Elsevier Science Publishers, North-Holland pp. 311-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(05)80118-8

157.  Crandall, R. S.; Balberg, I. (1991). Mobility-Lifetime Products in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 58(5), 4 February 1991; pp. 508-510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.104622

158.  Crandall, R. S. (1991). Defect Relaxation in Amorphous Silicon: Stretched Exponentials, the Meyer-Neidel Rule, and the Staebler-Wronski Effect. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 43(5), 15 February 1991; pp. 4057-4070. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.43.4057

159.  Tsuo, Y. S.; Xu, Y.; Crandall, R. S.; Han, D.; Qui, C.; Pankove, J. I. (1990). Hydrogen-Plasma Reactive Flush for a-Si:H and a-SiGe:H Solar Cell Fabrication. Conference Record of the Twenty First IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1990; Kissimmee, Florida; May 21-25, 1990. New York: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. pp. 1416-1419.

160.  McMahon, T. J.; Crandall, R. S. (1990). Safe Hole Traps - A Source of Metastable Light-Induced Dangling Bonds. Philosophical Magazine B. Vol. 61(3), March 1990; pp. 425-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13642819008208645

161.  Langford, A. A.; Nelson, B. P.; Fleet, M. L.; Crandall, R. S. (1990). Identification of Bonded Species in Hydrogenated Fluorinated Amorphous Silicon. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 42(11), 15 October 1990; pp. 7245-7248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.42.7245

162.  Crandall, R. S.; Branz, H. M. (1990). Band Bending Due to Charged Dangling Bonds in Amorphous Silicon p-i-n Solar Cells. Conference Record of the Twenty First IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1990; Kissimmee, Florida; May 21-25, 1990. New York: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. pp. 1630-1635.

163.  Mahan, A. H.; Williamson, D. L.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Characterization of Microvoids in Device Quality Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Infrared Measurements. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 40(17), 15 December 1989; pp. 12024-12027. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.40.12024

164.  Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Ionization Entropy and Charge-State-Controlled Metastable Defects in Semiconductors. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 55(25), 18 December 1989; pp. 2634-2636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.101959

165.  Williamson, D. L., Mahan, A. H.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies of a-Si:H and a-SiC:H Alloys. Proceedings of the 1989 Amorphous Silicon Subcontractors' Review Meeting; June 19-20, 1989; Golden, Colorado. SERI/CP-211-3514. Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute pp. 245-251.

166.  Branz, H. M.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Defect Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon: Consequences for Solar Cells. Solar Cells. Vol. 27(1-4), October-December 1989; pp. 159-168.

167.  McMahon, T. J.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Safe Hole Trapping, Light Soaking and Secondary Photocurrent Transients in Amorphous Silicon. Conference Record of the Twentieth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1988; September 26-30, 1988; Las Vegas, Nevada. New York: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. pp. 357-360.

168.  McMahon, T. J.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Hole Trapping, Light Soaking, and Secondary Photocurrent Transients in Amorphous Silicon. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. Vol. 39(3), 15 January 1989; pp. 1766-1771. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.39.1766

169.  Bhattacharya, E.; Mahan, A. H.; Crandall, R. S.; Pankove, J. I. (1989). Critical Comparison of Light-induced Changes in Sub-Band-Gap Absorption and Photoconductivity in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon. Applied Physics Letters. Vol. 54(13), 27 March 1989; pp. 1247-1249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.100729

170.  Mahan, A. H.; Williamson, D. L.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. S. (1989). Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies of Microvoids in a-SiC:H and a-Si:H. Solar Cells. Vol. 27(1-4), October-December 1989; pp. 465-476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6787(89)90056-2

171.  Crandall, R. S. (1989). Defect Relaxation in Disordered Materials: Stretched Exponentials, Meyer-Neldel Rule, and Staebler-Wronski Effect. Madan, A. et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology - 1989. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 149. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 589-594.

172.  Tsuo, Y. S.; Xu, Y; Crandall, R. S.; Ullal, H. S.; Emery, K. (1989). Hydrogen-Plasma Reactive Flushing for a-Si:H P-I-N Solar Cell Fabrications. Madan, A. et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology - 1989. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 149. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 471-476.

173.  Crandall, R. S.; Sadlon, K.; Kalina, J.; Delahoy, A. E. (1989). Direct Measurement of the Mobility-Lifetime Product of Holes and Electrons in an Amorphous Silicon p-i-n Cell. Madan, A. et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology - 1989. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 149. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 423-427.

174.  Mahan, A. H.; Mascarenhas, A.; Williamson, D. L.; Crandall, R. S. (1988). Microstructure and the Urbach Edge in Glow Discharge Deposited a-SiC:H. Madan, A. et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 118. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 641-646.

175.  Crandall, R. S. (1988). Fundamental Studies of Amorphous Silicon Materials at the Solar Energy Research Institute. Solar Cells. Vol. 24(3-4), July/August 1988; pp. 237-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6787(88)90074-9

176.  Mahan, A.; Nelson, B. P.; Crandall, R. (1988). Small Angle X-Ray Scattering with Microvoids in the a-SiC:H Alloy. Kanicki, J., ed. Conference Record of the International Topical Conference on Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Devices and Technology; IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York; November 21-23, 1988. RC 14189. Yorktown Heights, NY: IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center pp. 39-42.

177.  McMahon, T. J.; Crandall, R. S. (1988). Hole Trapping, Light Soaking and Secondary Photocurrent Transients in Amorphous Silicon. Kanicki, J., ed. Conference Record of the International Topical Conference on Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Devices and Technology; IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York; November 21-23, 1988. RC 14189. Yorktown Heights, NY: IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center pp. 55-58.

178.  Crandall, R. S.; Kalina, J.; Delahoy, A. (1988). Simplified Approach to Solar Cell Modeling. Madan, A. et al., eds. Amorphous Silicon Technology. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 118. Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society pp. 593-598.

179.  Crandall, R. S.; Staebler, D. L. (1983). Properties of the Defect Causing Solar Cell Degradation. Solar Cells. Vol. 9(1-2), June-July 1983; pp. 63-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6787(83)90076-5

180.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Redfield, D.; Schade, H. E.; Weakliem, H. A. (1982). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: Final Report for the Period October 1, 1980-December 31, 1981. 154 pp.; SERI/PR-0-9372-5.

181.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Redfield, D.; Schade, H. E.; Weakliem, H. A. (1981). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: Quarterly Report No. 4 for the Period 1 July - 30 September 1981. 44 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-0-9372-4; SERI/PR-0-9372-4.

182.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. K.; Moore, A. R.; Schade, H. E.; Staebler, D. L.; Weakliem, H. A.; Williams, R. (1981). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: Quarterly Report No. 2 for the Period 1 January - 31 March 1981. 73 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-0-9372-2; SERI/PR-0-9372-2.

183.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Schade, H. E.; Weakliem, H. A.; Williams, R. (1981). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: Quarterly Report No. 3, April 1-June 30,1981. 55 pp.; SERI/PR-0-9372-3.

184.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Goldstein, B.; Schade, H. E.; Weakliem, H. A.; Balberg, I.; Dresner, J.; Hanak, J. J.; Staebler, D. L. (1981). Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells: Quarterly Report No. 1 for Period 1 October - 31 December 1980. 87 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-9372-1-T1; SERI/PR-9372-1-T1.

185.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Pankove, J. I.; Schade, H. E.; Staebler, D. L.; Weakliem, H. A.; Williams, R. (1980). Amorphous Thin Films for Solar-Cell Applications: Quarterly Report No. 3 for the Period 11 March 1980 to 10 June 1980. 77 pp.; SERI/PR-0-8254-3.

186.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Pankove, J. I.; Weakliem, H. A. (1980). Amorphous Thin Films for Solar-Cell Applications: Quarterly Report No. 2 for December 11, 1979-March 10, 1980. 76 pp.; SERI/PR-8254-1-T2.

187.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Schade, H. E.; Staebler, D. L.; Weakliem, H. A. (1980). Amorphous Thin Films for Solar-Cell Applications: Final Report for Period 11 September 1979 - 10 September 1980. 100 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-0-8254-F; SERI/PR-0-8254-F.

188.  Carlson, D. E.; Crandall, R. S.; Dresner, J.; Goldstein, B.; Hanak, J. J.; Moore, A. R.; Pankove, J. I.; Weakliem, H. A. (1979). Amorphous Thin Films for Solar-Cell Applications: Quarterly Report No. 1 for the Period September 11, 1979 to December 30, 1979. 54 pp.; SERI/TR-9-8254-1D.



Help